Canadian Patents Database / Patent 2772463 Summary

Third-party information liability

Some of the information on this Web page has been provided by external sources. The Government of Canada is not responsible for the accuracy, reliability or currency of the information supplied by external sources. Users wishing to rely upon this information should consult directly with the source of the information. Content provided by external sources is not subject to official languages, privacy and accessibility requirements.

Claims and Abstract availability

Any discrepancies in the text and image of the Claims and Abstract are due to differing posting times. Text of the Claims and Abstract are posted:

  • At the time the application is open to public inspection;
  • At the time of issue of the patent (grant).
(12) Patent Application: (11) CA 2772463
(54) English Title: LOW ENERGY NUCLEAR DEVICE
(54) French Title: APPAREIL NUCLEAIRE NECESSITANT PEU D'ENERGIE
(51) International Patent Classification (IPC):
  • G21B 3/00 (2006.01)
(72) Inventors (Country):
  • SIBLEY, SUMMER E.J. (Canada)
(73) Owners (Country):
  • SIBLEY, SUMMER E.J. (Canada)
(71) Applicants (Country):
  • SIBLEY, SUMMER E.J. (Canada)
(74) Agent: NA
(45) Issued:
(22) Filed Date: 2012-03-19
(41) Open to Public Inspection: 2013-09-19
Examination requested: 2016-02-29
(30) Availability of licence: N/A
(30) Language of filing: English

English Abstract




The herein described invention is an apparatus for producing thermal,
electric, or mechanical
energy, or a combination thereof, from the fusing of atomic nuclei at
temperatures below
conventional nuclear fusion temperatures. Fuel or fuels capable of undergoing
nuclear fusion
are stored in a reaction vessel into which an input energy is delivered by a
control module
to start the nuclear processes. Output power is delivered in the form of a)
thermal energy
directly from the interior or exterior of the reaction vessel and, b) nuclear
radiation energy that
is converted into thermal energy inside the shielding material of the reaction
vessel and then
subsequently extracted. Optionally, the apparatus may contain one or more
modules that
function to convert the thermal energy from the nuclear reactions, into
another desirable form of
output energy.


Note: Claims are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.



The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege
is claimed are
defined as follows:
1. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
one or more
heated fuels, wherein one or more of the fuels is in an non-plasma state.
2. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
an internal
reaction chamber and a control module, internal or external to the device.
3. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
a mechanism
or method to allow a user of ordinary skill to refuel the device.
4. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
a module or
mechanism capable of converting thermal energy to another form of usable
energy for output.
5. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
air as the
primary energy output.
6. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
water as the
primary energy output.
7. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
electricity as
the primary energy output.
8. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
mechanical
rotation as the primary energy output.
9. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
a reaction
vessel that is used to both provide input energy and extract output energy
using the same
surface of the reaction vessel.
10. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a method
wherein one or more of the fuels required, are stored in, and then released by
the controlled
decomposition of, a chemical compound.
11. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a means to
use chemical energy as the primary method of delivering input energy to the
reaction module.
12. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a mechanism
or method to halt ongoing nuclear reactions in the event of operation outside
of set limits.
13. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a mechanism
or method to allow thermal energy contained in a fluid transport medium to be
used as the
Page 1



primary input energy to the reaction module.
14. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a fuel mixture
comprised of plurality of intermixed powdered fuels.
15. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates sensors
external to the reaction module to detect, prevent or halt the ongoing release
of radiation.
16. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a removable,
replaceable or refillable canister or module containing one or more of the
fuels required for
operation.
17. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
integrated monitoring sensors.
18. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
an integrated safety interlock mechanism to prevent the removal of the module
while in
operation.
19. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
one or more catalyzing compounds in addition to the required fuels.
20. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates components
used to adjust the internal pressure of the reaction chamber using external or
internal stimuli.
21. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
integrated components used to adjust the internal pressure of the removable
module using
external or internal stimuli.
22. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates radiation
shielding that remains in place during refueling procedures.
23. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
integrated radiation shielding.
24. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
an internal electrical resistance heater.
25. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
an integrated module or sub-component used to calculate or estimate the
remaining life of the
removable module and report that information to a control module.
Page 2



26. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates an integrated
module used to forcibly eject one or more of the required fuels out of the
reaction chamber as a
means of slowing or terminating the nuclear reactions.
27. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates an integrated
mechanism to allow the venting of excess pressure in the reaction chamber.
28. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates an integrated
mechanism or module to forcibly inject a chemical or compound into the
reaction chamber as a
means of slowing or terminating the nuclear reactions
29. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable
module's primary
energy input is delivered to the exterior of the removable module.
30. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates a
mechanism or method to allow thermal energy to be extracted from the interior
of the removable
module through a connector.
31. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates a
connector for the transmission of electricity, fluid or signals in or out of
the removable module.
32. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the reaction chamber
is external to the
device and the reaction chamber incorporates an environmentally hardened
connector and
housing intended for direct submersion.
33. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the reaction chamber
incorporates
internal or external thermal insulation to allow operations where an excess of
coolant is present.
34. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates a
method or mechanism to allow the removable module to be monitored and
controlled from the
exterior of the module.
35. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates multiple
reaction chambers or modules in sequence, wherein the output of one module is
used to provide
the input energy to a subsequent module.
36. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
heated nickel
and hydrogen.
37. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
heated
palladium and deuterium.
Page 31



38. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
heated nickel
and hydrogen incorporating a catalyzing element or compound consisting of one
or more of the
following elements: potassium, lithium, titanium or palladium.
Page 4


A single figure which represents the drawing illustrating the invention.

For a clearer understanding of the status of the application/patent presented on this page, the site Disclaimer , as well as the definitions for Patent , Administrative Status , Maintenance Fee  and Payment History  should be consulted.

Admin Status

Title Date
(22) Filed 2012-03-19
(41) Open to Public Inspection 2013-09-19
Examination Requested 2016-02-29
Dead Application 2017-06-27

Payment History

Fee Type Anniversary Year Due Date Amount Paid Paid Date
Filing $200.00 2012-03-19
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 2 2014-03-19 $50.00 2014-01-28
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 3 2015-03-19 $50.00 2015-03-16
Request for Examination $400.00 2016-02-29
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 4 2016-03-21 $50.00 2016-02-29

To view selected files, please enter reCAPTCHA code :




Filter Download Selected in PDF format (Zip Archive)
Document
Description
Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Number of pages Size of Image (KB)
Abstract 2012-03-19 1 18
Description 2012-03-19 10 440
Claims 2012-03-19 4 144
Drawings 2012-03-19 4 98
Representative Drawing 2012-04-27 1 5
Cover Page 2013-09-09 1 34
Description 2016-02-29 12 484
Claims 2016-02-29 4 138
Correspondence 2012-04-10 1 43
Fees 2014-01-28 1 61
Fees 2015-03-16 1 94
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-02-29 19 690
Fees 2016-02-29 2 53
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-02-29 2 54
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-03-03 1 25
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-03-24 9 630