Canadian Patents Database / Patent 2813977 Summary

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(12) Patent: (11) CA 2813977
(54) English Title: HOW TO CONVERT PEAT INTO KEROSENE, PROCESS CALLED KEROSENING
(54) French Title: COMMENT CONVERTIR LA TOURBE EN KEROSENE, PROCEDE APPELE KEROSENING
(51) International Patent Classification (IPC):
  • C10F 7/00 (2006.01)
  • C10L 1/04 (2006.01)
(72) Inventors (Country):
  • GAGNON, ROBERT (Canada)
(73) Owners (Country):
  • GAGNON, ROBERT (Canada)
(71) Applicants (Country):
  • GAGNON, ROBERT (Canada)
(74) Agent: NA
(45) Issued: 2014-12-23
(22) Filed Date: 2013-04-26
(41) Open to Public Inspection: 2014-08-05
Examination requested: 2014-05-08
(30) Availability of licence: Yes
(30) Language of filing: French

English Abstract

Since peat is an abundant, low cost natural resource, kerosening is an excellent way to give it added value. Indeed, a raw material containing about 5,000-5,500 BTU/lb (peat) is used and it is transformed into a flammable liquid containing about 18,000-19,000 BTU/lb (kerosene). In addition, given that peat and natural gas, the raw materials used, are low in cost, kerosening is very cost effective. For example, a mixture of about 265 lb of peat + about 175 lb of methane = about 1 barrel of synthetic kerosene with an approximate value of 690- 100/barrel. Kerosening produces good quality kerosene which can be used as liquid fuel, or after distillation, as liquid fuel compatible with most engines.


French Abstract

La tourbe étant une ressource naturelle abondante et de peu de valeur, le kerosening est un excellent moyen de la valoriser. En effet, on utilise une matière première contenant environ 5,000-5,500 BTU/lb ( tourbe) et on la transforme en un liquide inflammable contenant environ 18,000-19,000 BTU/lb (kerosene). De plus, vu que les matières premières utilisées, tourbe et gaz naturel, ne coûtent pas chers, le kerosening est très rentable. Par exemple, un mélange d'environ 265 lb de tourbe + environ 175 lb de méthane = environ 1 baril de kerosene synthétique d'une valeur d'environ 690- 100/baril. Le kerosening produit un kerosene de bonne qualité qui peut être utilisé tel quel comme combustible liquide ou, après distillation, comme carburant liquide compatible à la plupart des moteurs.


Note: Claims are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.

REVENDICATIONS
Les réalisations de l'invention, au sujet desquelles un droit exclusif de
propriété ou de
privilège est revendiqué, sont définies comme il suit:
Un procédé de conversion de la tourbe en kerosene appelé kerosening,
activé par la réaction d'environ 40% de méthane, CH4, avec environ 60 % de
tourbe,
en présence d'un catalyseur formé d'environ 2/3 de sel pulvérisé, NaCI, et
d'environ 1/3
de fer pulvérisé, Fe ou FeO,
caractérisé par la circulation du méthane, CH4, dans la tourbe,
en présence de ce catalyseur formé d'environ 2/3 sel, NaCI et 1/3 fer, Fe ou
FeO,
à des températures de 300°C - 400°C environ
et à des pressions de 1500 p.s.1 - 1800 p.s.i. environ.
Page 4


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Admin Status

Title Date
(22) Filed 2013-04-26
Examination Requested 2014-05-08
(41) Open to Public Inspection 2014-08-05
(45) Issued 2014-12-23

Maintenance Fee

Description Date Amount
Last Payment 2017-02-14 $50.00
Next Payment if small entity fee 2018-04-26 $100.00
Next Payment if standard fee 2018-04-26 $200.00

Note : If the full payment has not been received on or before the date indicated, a further fee may be required which may be one of the following

  • the reinstatement fee set out in Item 7 of Schedule II of the Patent Rules;
  • the late payment fee set out in Item 22.1 of Schedule II of the Patent Rules; or
  • the additional fee for late payment set out in Items 31 and 32 of Schedule II of the Patent Rules.

Payment History

Fee Type Anniversary Year Due Date Amount Paid Paid Date
Filing $200.00 2013-04-26
Request for Examination $400.00 2014-05-08
Final $150.00 2014-10-08
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 2 2015-04-27 $50.00 2015-02-19
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 3 2016-04-26 $50.00 2016-02-12
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 4 2017-04-26 $50.00 2017-02-14

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Document
Description
Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Number of pages Size of Image (KB)
Abstract 2013-04-26 1 17
Description 2013-04-26 3 87
Claims 2013-04-26 1 15
Cover Page 2014-09-10 1 31
Cover Page 2014-12-02 1 31
Correspondence 2014-06-18 1 16
Correspondence 2013-05-08 1 18
Fees 2015-02-19 2 95
Prosecution-Amendment 2014-05-08 2 102
Correspondence 2014-06-10 1 15
Prosecution-Amendment 2014-07-04 2 58
Prosecution-Amendment 2014-08-27 1 31
Correspondence 2014-10-08 2 112
Fees 2016-02-12 2 94
Fees 2017-02-14 2 89