Canadian Patents Database / Patent 2857268 Summary

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(12) Patent: (11) CA 2857268
(54) English Title: RENEWABLE STREAM ENERGY USE
(54) French Title: UTILISATION DE L'ENERGIE RENOUVELABLE DES COURANTS
(51) International Patent Classification (IPC):
  • E03B 3/28 (2006.01)
  • F01D 1/00 (2006.01)
  • F03B 13/00 (2006.01)
  • F03B 17/06 (2006.01)
  • F03D 1/04 (2006.01)
  • F03D 5/00 (2006.01)
  • F03G 7/00 (2006.01)
  • F15D 1/00 (2006.01)
(72) Inventors (Country):
  • ABRAMOV, YURI (Israel)
(73) Owners (Country):
  • SOLITON HOLDINGS CORPORATION, DELAWARE CORPORATION (United States of America)
(71) Applicants (Country):
  • SOLITON HOLDINGS CORPORATION, DELAWARE CORPORATION (United States of America)
(74) Agent: NEXUS LAW GROUP LLP
(45) Issued: 2016-08-16
(86) PCT Filing Date: 2011-11-24
(87) PCT Publication Date: 2012-06-14
Examination requested: 2014-05-28
(30) Availability of licence: N/A
(30) Language of filing: English

(30) Application Priority Data:
Application No. Country Date
PCT/US2010/059786 United States of America 2010-12-10
13/298,678 United States of America 2011-11-17

English Abstract

The invention provides air wind and streaming water energy use. One application provides wind energy use for water harvesting from natural humid air. The method is based on changing thermodynamic state properties of ambient airborne wind passed through a convergent-divergent system. The device is a water condensation device exposed to humid wind, and having no moving components. The device comprises a cascade of sequentially arranged wind converging and wing-like components. Those components transform the wind into fast, cooled, out-flowing air portions. The inner static pressure and temperature decrease in the air portions. The decrease in static pressure and temperature triggers condensation of water-vapor into water-aerosols. Another application of the method provides an effective mechanism for harvesting electrical energy from naturally warm air using renewable wind energy, including the wind inertia, internal heat, and potential energy stored in the air mass in the Earth's gravitational field. The electrical energy harvesting mechanism is also applicable to use of natural renewable energy of streaming water.


French Abstract

La présente invention concerne l'utilisation de l'énergie éolienne et de l'écoulement de l'eau. Une application propose l'utilisation de l'énergie éolienne pour la récupération de l'eau dans l'air humide naturel. Le procédé repose sur le changement des propriétés d'état thermodynamique du vent en vol passé à travers un système convergent-divergent. Le dispositif est un dispositif de condensation d'eau exposé au vent humide et ne présentant pas de composants mobiles. Le dispositif comprend une cascade de composants similaires à des ailes et de convergence du vent disposés de manière séquentielle. Ces composants transforment le vent en parties d'air rapides, refroidies, s'écoulant vers l'extérieur. La pression statique et la température internes diminuent dans les parties d'air. La chute de la pression statique et de la température déclenche la condensation de la vapeur d'eau en aérosols d'eau. Une autre application du procédé propose un mécanisme efficace pour récupérer l'énergie électrique dans l'air naturellement chaud en utilisant l'énergie éolienne renouvelable, y compris l'inertie du vent, la chaleur interne et l'énergie potentielle stockée dans la masse d'air dans le champ gravitationnel de la terre. Le mécanisme de récupération d'énergie électrique est également applicable pour l'utilisation de l'énergie renouvelable naturelle de l'eau en écoulement.


Note: Claims are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.

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Claim 1. A stream converging system for concentrating and
accelerating an oncoming flow, comprising wing-like elements
arranged around an axis in the oncoming flow direction at least
partly sequentially upstream to downstream; wherein:
each wing-like element has streamlined surfaces and an
asymmetrical wing-like cross-sectional shape when viewed at right
angles to the portion of oncoming wind, the cross-sectional
shape having a smoothly curved outer contour facing away from
the axis and a smoothly curved inner contour facing toward the
axis, the smoothly curved outer and inner contours being
joined by a rounded upstream end contour and a sharp
downstream end contour, the smoothly curved inner and outer
contours being shaped and oriented with respect to the oncoming
flow direction to cause an inwards redirection of the portion of
oncoming flow around the wing-like elements toward the axis due
to the Coanda effect, thereby contributing to the concentration and
acceleration of the oncoming flow around the axis; and
the stream converging system is arranged with the cascaded wing-
like elements being mutually positioned and oriented to form a
streamlined spaced apart arrangement of surfaces configured around
the axis leaving a clear path of free space along the axis
through the stream converging so as to attract and accelerate
additional outer flux flow portions, flowing around the stream
converging system from parts of the portion of oncoming flow
adjacent an upstream set of the cascaded wing-like elements and
outside the stream converging system to join with an inner flux,
flowing through the upstream set of the stream converging
system to form an accelerated resulting flux which progresses via
the clear path of free space along the axis through the stream
converging system, past the upstream set of the cascaded wing-like
elements in turn being configured to encounter a downstream set

20
of the cascaded wing-like elements, the downstream set of the
cascaded wing-like elements in turn being configured to attract and
accelerate further additional outer flux flow portions which in turn
join with the resulting flux to form a further accelerated resulting
reinforced flux which progresses via the clear path of free
space along the axis, the additional and further additional outer
flux flow portions being attracted from outside the stream
converging system and incorporated into the accelerated resulting
flux and the further accelerated resulting reinforced flux at least
in part by a cascaded operation of the inwards redirection toward
the axis of the oncoming flow streaming around the wing-like
elements due to the Coanda effect reinforced repeatedly.
Claim 2. An electrical generator adapted to partially transform
both kinetic energy and the internal heat energy of an oncoming flow
into electrical energy; the electrical generator comprising a stream
converging system as claimed in claim 1 and a turbine generator
arranged downstream behind the stream converging system;
wherein the turbine generator comprises blades subjected to
rotation by the oncoming flow and is adapted to harvest the
electrical energy from the kinetic energy of the oncoming flow; and
wherein an outlet of the stream converging system is arranged
to direct the further accelerated resulting reinforced flux onto
blades of said turbine generator.
Claim 3. The electrical generator of claim 2;
wherein the oncoming flow is horizontal and the cascaded wing-like
elements are in the form of asymmetrical cascaded horn tubes
configured so that the inwards redirection of the oncoming flow due
to the Coanda effect originates from an oncoming flow portion which
is higher than the outlet of the stream converging apparatus to
thereby produce both a horizontal convergence and a downwards
redirection of the oncoming flow.
Claim 4. The electrical generator of claim 2, wherein the oncoming

21
flow is natural renewable air wind flowing through and around the
stream converging system, and wherein the turbine generator is a
wind turbine.
Claim 5. The electrical generator of claim 2, wherein the oncoming
flow Is natural renewable streaming water flowing through and around
the stream converging system, and wherein the turbine generator is a
hydro turbine.
Claim 6. The electrical generator of claim 2, wherein the cascaded
wing-like elements are arranged to form a set of sequentially
cascaded horn-tubes.
Claim 7. The electrical generator of claim 2, wherein the structure
appearing as cascaded wing-like elements is provided at least in
part by a wing coiled up in a helix in alignment with an outer
contour of an Archimedes screw.
Claim 8. The electrical generator of claim 2, further comprising a
propeller powered by at least one of burned fuel and electricity,
and wherein said oncoming flow is provided at least in part by the
propeller.
Claim 9. The stream converging system of claim 1, wherein the
structure appearing as cascaded wing-like elements is provided at
least in part by sequentially cascaded horn tubes.
Claim 10. The stream converging system of claim 1, wherein the
structure appearing as cascaded wing-like elements is provided at
least in part by a wing coiled up in a helix in alignment with an
outer contour of an Archimedes screw.
Claim 11. The stream converging system of claim 10, wherein the
coiled-up wing is adapted to be subjected to forced rotation around
an axis of the helix, powered by at least one of burned fuel and
electricity, so as to provide a propeller.

22
Claim 12. A passive catcher of water-aerosols from a stream of
humid air, wherein the oncoming flow is natural wind bringing
saturated water-vapor, the passive catcher comprising the stream
converging system of claim 1,
whereby temperature decrease accompanying the flow acceleration
triggers off condensation of the saturated water-vapor into water-
aerosols and drops of dew which collect upon surfaces of the wing-
like elements.
Claim 13. A blower-cooler comprising a stream converging system as
claimed in claim 1 adapted for cooling objects placed in an
accelerated and cooled output air stream of the stream converging
system.


A single figure which represents the drawing illustrating the invention.

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Admin Status

Title Date
(86) PCT Filing Date 2011-11-24
(87) PCT Publication Date 2012-06-14
(85) National Entry 2014-05-28
Examination Requested 2014-05-28
(45) Issued 2016-08-16

Maintenance Fee

Description Date Amount
Last Payment 2017-11-24 $100.00
Next Payment if small entity fee 2018-11-26 $100.00
Next Payment if standard fee 2018-11-26 $200.00

Note : If the full payment has not been received on or before the date indicated, a further fee may be required which may be one of the following

  • the reinstatement fee set out in Item 7 of Schedule II of the Patent Rules;
  • the late payment fee set out in Item 22.1 of Schedule II of the Patent Rules; or
  • the additional fee for late payment set out in Items 31 and 32 of Schedule II of the Patent Rules.

Payment History

Fee Type Anniversary Year Due Date Amount Paid Paid Date
Request for Examination $400.00 2014-05-28
Registration of Documents $100.00 2014-05-28
The additional fee for late payment $200.00 2014-05-28
Filing $200.00 2014-05-28
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 2 2013-11-25 $50.00 2014-05-28
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 3 2014-11-24 $50.00 2014-05-28
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 4 2015-11-24 $50.00 2015-11-16
Final $150.00 2016-06-27
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 5 2016-11-24 $100.00 2016-11-10
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 6 2017-11-24 $100.00 2017-11-24

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Claims 2014-05-29 6 265
Abstract 2014-05-28 2 113
Claims 2014-05-28 6 244
Drawings 2014-05-28 4 199
Description 2014-05-28 18 836
Representative Drawing 2014-07-24 1 45
Cover Page 2014-08-21 1 79
Claims 2015-11-02 3 110
Description 2015-02-17 18 826
Claims 2015-02-17 3 105
Claims 2015-07-30 4 181
Claims 2016-03-01 4 135
Description 2016-04-29 18 818
Representative Drawing 2016-07-11 1 36
Cover Page 2016-07-11 2 84
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-09-08 3 248
PCT 2014-05-28 14 602
Prosecution-Amendment 2014-07-24 1 4
Prosecution-Amendment 2014-11-21 4 277
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-11-02 27 1,223
Correspondence 2015-11-03 1 23
Correspondence 2015-11-03 1 26
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-02-18 1 31
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-02-17 9 276
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-04-30 6 401
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-07-30 13 625
Correspondence 2015-10-30 2 90
Fees 2015-11-16 1 33
Prosecution-Amendment 2015-12-09 4 297
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-03-01 15 589
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-03-11 3 221
Prosecution-Amendment 2016-04-29 4 148
Correspondence 2016-06-27 1 33
Fees 2017-11-24 1 33