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Disponibilité de l'Abrégé et des Revendications

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(12) Brevet: (11) CA 2761201
(54) Titre français: LIQUIDES IONIQUES ANALOGUES POUR LA SEPARATION ET LA RECUPERATION DES HYDROCARBURES DE LA MATIERE PARTICULAIRE
(54) Titre anglais: ANALOGUE IONIC LIQUIDS FOR THE SEPARATION AND RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBONS FROM PARTICULATE MATTER
(51) Classification internationale des brevets (CIB):
  • C10G 1/04 (2006.01)
(72) Inventeurs (Pays):
  • PAINTER, PAUL (Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
  • WILLIAMS, PHIL (Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
  • MANNEBACH, EHREN (Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
  • LUPINSKY, ARON (Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
(73) Titulaires (Pays):
  • THE PENN STATE RESEARCH FOUNDATION (Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
(71) Demandeurs (Pays):
  • THE PENN STATE RESEARCH FOUNDATION (Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
(74) Agent: GOUDREAU GAGE DUBUC
(45) Délivré: 2017-01-17
(22) Date de dépôt: 2011-12-05
(41) Mise à la disponibilité du public: 2013-04-04
Requête d’examen: 2016-02-19
(30) Licence disponible: S.O.
(30) Langue des documents déposés: Anglais

(30) Données de priorité de la demande:
Numéro de la demande Pays Date
13/252,523 Etats-Unis d'Amérique 2011-10-04

Abrégé français

Des systèmes, des méthodes et des compositions destinés à la séparation et la récupération dhydrocarbure de la matière particulaire sont révélés aux présentes. Conformément à une réalisation, une méthode comprend la mise en contact de la matière particulaire avec au moins un liquide ionique analogue. La matière particulaire renferme au moins un hydrocarbure et au moins une particule solide. Lorsque la matière particulaire est mise en contact avec le liquide ionique analogue, lhydrocarbure se dissocie de la particule solide pour former un système multiphase.


Abrégé anglais

Systems, methods and compositions for the separation and recovery of hydrocarbons from particulate matter are herein disclosed. According to one embodiment, a method includes contacting particulate matter with at least one analogue ionic liquid. The particulate matter contains at least one hydrocarbon and at least one solid particulate. When the particulate matter is contacted with the analogue ionic liquid, the hydrocarbon dissociates from the solid particulate to form a multiphase system.


Note : Les revendications sont présentées dans la langue officielle dans laquelle elles ont été soumises.

CLAIMS

What is claimed is
1. A method of separating and recovering hydrocarbon from particulate matter,
the method
comprising:
contacting particulate matter comprising at least one hydrocarbon and at least
one
solid particulate with at least one analogue ionic liquid to separate the at
least one
hydrocarbon from the at least one solid particulate, wherein the at least one
analogue ionic
liquid comprises at least two components selected from the following
components: a
tetraalkyl ammonium salt, urea, carboxylic acid, glycerol, metal salt, water,
fructose, sucrose,
glucose, organic halide salt and an organic hydrogen bond donor; and
recovering the at least one hydrocarbon.
2. The method as recited in claim 1, further comprising forming a multiphase
system from the
at least one hydrocarbon, the at least one solid particulate and the at least
one analogue ionic
liquid; and recovering the at least one hydrocarbon from the multiphase
system.
3. The method as recited in claim 2, further comprising recovering the at
least one solid
particulate.
4. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein contacting the particulate matter
comprises
contacting the particulate matter with the at the least one analogue ionic
liquid and at least
one organic solvent as a composition to separate the at least one hydrocarbon
from the at least
one solid particulate.
5. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein contacting the particulate matter
comprises
contacting the particulate matter with the at least one analogue ionic liquid
and water as a
composition to separate the at least one hydrocarbon from the at least one
solid particulate.

36

6. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein contacting the particulate matter
comprises
contacting the particulate matter at a temperature of less than 100°C
to separate the at least
one hydrocarbon from the particulate matter.
7. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein contacting the particulate matter
comprises
contacting the particulate matter at a temperature of less than or equal to
50°C to separate the
at least one hydrocarbon from the particulate matter.
8. The method as recited in claim 2, further comprising at least one step
selected from:
decanting at least a portion of the multiphase system, evaporating at least a
portion of the
multiphase system, distilling at least a portion of the multiphase system,
centrifuging at least
a portion of the multiphase system and filtrating at least a portion of the
multiphase system.
9. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein the at least one hydrocarbon
comprises at least
one hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of: bitumen, oil and
drilling fluid.
10. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein the at least one solid
particulate comprises at
least one solid particulate selected from the group consisting of: sand, soil,
silt, clay, rock,
minerals and drill cuttings.
11. The method as recited in claim 1, wherein the at least one analogue ionic
liquid comprises
a tetralkyl ammonium salt.
12. The method as recited in claim 2, wherein the multiphase system comprises
three phases.
13. The method as recited in claim 4, wherein the at least one organic solvent
is at least one
organic solvent selected from the group consisting of: toluene, naphtha,
hexane, kerosene and
paraffinic solvents.
14. The method as recited in claim 1, further comprising contacting the
particulate matter
and the at least one analogue ionic liquid to form a mixture; subjecting the
mixture to
electromagnetic heating to heat the mixture; and then recovering the at least
one hydrocarbon.

37

15. The method as recited in claim 14, wherein the electromagnetic heating is
microwave
heating.
16. The method as recited in any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein the tetraalkyl
ammonium
salt is 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium chloride, 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl)
ammonium
bromide, 2-hydroxyethyl(triethyl) ammonium chloride, 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl)

ammonium tetrafluoroborate, or any combination thereof.
17. The method as recited in any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein the at least
one analogue
ionic liquid comprises urea and a tetraalkyl ammonium salt, wherein the
tetraalkyl
ammonium salt is 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium chloride, 2-
hydroxyethyl(trimethyl)
ammonium bromide, 2-hydroxyethyl(triethyl) ammonium
chloride, 2-
hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium tetrafluoroborate, or any combination
thereof.
18. The method as recited in any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein the at least
one analogue
ionic liquid comprises 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium chloride and urea.
19. The method as recited in any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein the analogue
ionic liquid
comprises a concentrated solution of 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium
chloride in water.
20. The method as recited in any one of claims 2 to 5 and 8 to 19, wherein
contacting the
particulate matter comprises contacting the particulate matter at a
temperature of less than
100 C to separate the at least one hydrocarbon from the particulate matter.
21. The method as recited in any one of claims 2 to 5 and 8 to 19, wherein
contacting the
particulate matter comprises contacting the particulate matter at a
temperature of less than or
equal to 50 C to separate the at least one hydrocarbon from the particulate
matter.
22. The method as recited in any one of claims 1 to 21, wherein the at least
one analogue
ionic liquid separates at least 90% of the at least one hydrocarbon from the
particulate matter.
23. The method as recited in any one of claims 1 to 22, wherein the contacting
step
comprises contacting the particulate matter with a separating composition to
separate the at

38

least one hydrocarbon from the at least one solid particulate; and wherein the
at least one
analogue ionic liquid comprises at least 25 percent by weight of the
separating composition.
24. A method of separating bitumen or oil from particulate matter, the method
comprising:
contacting particulate matter comprising bitumen or oil with at least one
analogue
ionic liquid to separate the bitumen or oil from the particulate matter,
wherein the at least one
analogue ionic liquid comprises at least two components selected from the
following
components: a tetraalkyl ammonium salt, urea, carboxylic acid, glycerol, metal
salt, water,
fructose, sucrose, glucose, organic halide salt and organic hydrogen bond
donor; and
recovering the bitumen or oil.
25. The method as recited in claim 24, wherein the particulate matter is
Canadian oil sands
comprising bitumen.
26. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 25, wherein the at least
one analogue
ionic liquid separates at least 90% of the bitumen or oil from the particulate
matter.
27. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 26, wherein the
contacting step
comprises mixing the particulate matter with a separating composition to
separate the
bitumen or oil from the particulate matter; and wherein the at least one ionic
liquid comprises
at least 25 percent by weight of the separating composition.
28. A method of separating hydrocarbon from oil sludge, the method comprising:
mixing oil sludge which comprises at least one hydrocarbon and at least one
solid
particulate with at least one analogue ionic liquid, wherein the at least one
analogue ionic
liquid comprises at least two components selected from the following
components: a
tetraalkyl ammonium salt, urea, carboxylic acid, glycerol, metal salt, water,
fructose, sucrose,
glucose, organic halide salt and organic hydrogen bond donor; and
separating the at least one hydrocarbon from the oil sludge.
29. The method as recited in claim 28, wherein the at least one analogue ionic
liquid
separates at least 90% of the hydrocarbon from the solid sludge.

39

30. The method as recited in any one of claims 28 to 29, wherein the mixing
step comprises
mixing the oil sludge with a separating composition to separate the at least
one hydrocarbon
from the oil sludge; and wherein the at least one ionic liquid comprises at
least 25 percent by
weight of the separating composition.
31. A method of treating a mixture, the method comprising:
mixing the mixture which comprises at least one hydrocarbon, water and at
least one
solid particulate, with at least one analogue ionic liquid to separate the at
least one
hydrocarbon and/or the at least one solid particulate from the water, wherein
the at least one
analogue ionic liquid comprises at least two components selected from the
following
components: a tetraalkyl ammonium salt, urea, carboxylic acid, glycerol, metal
salt, water,
fructose, sucrose, glucose, organic halide salt and organic hydrogen bond
donor; and
recovering the separated at least one hydrocarbon and/or the separated at
least one
solid particulate.
32. The method as recited in claim 31, wherein the mixture is from a
tailing pond.
33. The method as recited in claim 31, wherein the mixture is a feed stream
from a process to
recover bitumen from particulate matter.
34. The method as recited in claim 33, wherein the mixture is a slurry, froth,
or process water
from a process to recover bitumen from particulate matter
35. The method as recited in any one of claims 31 to 34, wherein the solid
particulate
comprises mineral fines and the process comprises separating the mineral fines
from the
mixture.
36. The method as recited in any one of claims 31 to 35, wherein the mixture
comprises a
suspension of the solid particulate and wherein mixing the mixture with the at
least one
analogue ionic liquid flocculates the solid particulate.
37. The method as recited in any one of claims 31 to 36, wherein the mixing
step comprises
mixing the mixture with a separating composition to separate the hydrocarbon
and/or the


solid particulate from the water; and wherein the at least one ionic liquid
comprises at least
25 percent by weight of the separating composition.
38. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 37, wherein the
tetraalkyl ammonium
salt is 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium chloride, 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl)
ammonium
bromide, 2-hydroxyethyl(triethyl) ammonium chloride, 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl)

ammonium tetrafluoroborate, or any combination thereof.
39. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 37, wherein the at
least one analogue
ionic liquid comprises urea and a tetraalkyl ammonium salt, wherein the
tetraalkyl
ammonium salt is 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium chloride, 2-
hydroxyethyl(trimethyl)
ammonium bromide, 2-hydroxyethyl(triethyl) ammonium
chloride, 2-
hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium tetrafluoroborate, or any combination
thereof.
40. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 37, wherein the at least
one analogue
ionic liquid comprises 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium chloride and urea.
41. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 37, wherein the analogue
ionic liquid
comprises a concentrated solution of 2-hydroxyethyl(trimethyl) ammonium
chloride in water.
42. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 41, further comprising
including at least
one organic solvent with the at least one analogue ionic liquid in the
contacting or mixing
step.
43. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 30, further comprising
including water
with the at least one analogue ionic liquid in the contacting or mixing step.
44. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 43, wherein the
contacting or mixing
step is at a temperature of less than 100°C.
45. The method as recited in any one of claims 24 to 43, wherein the
contacting or mixing
step is at a temperature of less than or equal to 50°C.

41


Désolé, le dessin représentatatif concernant le document de brevet no 2761201 est introuvable.

Pour une meilleure compréhension de l’état de la demande ou brevet qui figure sur cette page, la rubrique Mise en garde , et les descriptions de Brevet , États administratifs , Taxes périodiques et Historique des paiements devraient être consultées.

États admin

Titre Date
(22) Dépôt 2011-12-05
(41) Mise à la disponibilité du public 2013-04-04
Requête d'examen 2016-02-19
(45) Délivré 2017-01-17

Taxes périodiques

Description Date Montant
Dernier paiement 2017-11-15 200,00 $
Prochain paiement si taxe applicable aux petites entités 2018-12-05 100,00 $
Prochain paiement si taxe générale 2018-12-05 200,00 $

Avis : Si le paiement en totalité n’a pas été reçu au plus tard à la date indiquée, une taxe supplémentaire peut être imposée, soit une des taxes suivantes :

  • taxe de rétablissement prévue à l’article 7 de l’annexe II des Règles sur les brevets ;
  • taxe pour paiement en souffrance prévue à l’article 22.1 de l’annexe II des Règles sur les brevets ; ou
  • surtaxe pour paiement en souffrance prévue aux articles 31 et 32 de l’annexe II des Règles sur les brevets.

Historique des paiements

Type de taxes Anniversaire Échéance Montant payé Date payée
Dépôt 400,00 $ 2011-12-05
Taxe périodique - Demande - nouvelle loi 2 2013-12-05 100,00 $ 2013-11-19
Taxe périodique - Demande - nouvelle loi 3 2014-12-05 100,00 $ 2014-11-18
Taxe périodique - Demande - nouvelle loi 4 2015-12-07 100,00 $ 2015-11-18
Requête d'examen 800,00 $ 2016-02-19
Enregistrement de documents 100,00 $ 2016-02-19
Taxe périodique - Demande - nouvelle loi 5 2016-12-05 200,00 $ 2016-12-05
Final 300,00 $ 2016-12-07
Taxe périodique - brevet - nouvelle loi 6 2017-12-05 200,00 $ 2017-11-15

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Description du
Document
Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Nombre de pages Taille de l’image (Ko)
Abrégé 2011-12-05 1 12
Description 2011-12-05 35 1 907
Revendications 2011-12-05 2 62
Dessins 2011-12-05 6 201
Page couverture 2013-04-12 1 30
Dessins 2016-02-19 21 2 995
Revendications 2016-02-19 7 247
Description 2016-02-19 37 1 949
Description 2016-10-20 37 1 957
Revendications 2016-10-20 6 267
Page couverture 2016-12-21 1 29
Correspondance 2011-12-28 1 22
Correspondance 2011-12-28 1 45
Correspondance 2011-12-16 2 81
Correspondance 2012-01-11 2 85
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-02-19 47 3 966
Correspondance 2016-02-25 1 28
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-09-21 3 192
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-09-16 3 52
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-10-20 17 727
Correspondance 2016-12-07 1 42