Canadian Patents Database / Patent 2293106 Summary

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(12) Patent: (11) CA 2293106
(54) English Title: SNOWMOBILE
(54) French Title: MOTONEIGE
(51) International Patent Classification (IPC):
  • B62D 55/00 (2006.01)
  • B60N 2/24 (2006.01)
  • B60N 2/38 (2006.01)
  • B62D 55/07 (2006.01)
  • B62J 1/12 (2006.01)
  • B62J 25/00 (2020.01)
  • B62J 25/00 (2006.01)
(72) Inventors :
  • FECTEAU, BERTHOLD (Canada)
  • GIROUARD, BRUNO (Canada)
(73) Owners :
  • BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS INC. (Canada)
(71) Applicants :
  • BOMBARDIER INC. (Canada)
(74) Agent: BCF LLP
(74) Associate agent:
(45) Issued: 2007-04-17
(22) Filed Date: 1999-12-23
(41) Open to Public Inspection: 2000-06-23
Examination requested: 2003-08-05
(30) Availability of licence: N/A
(30) Language of filing: English

(30) Application Priority Data:
Application No. Country/Territory Date
2,256,944 Canada 1998-12-23
60/167,614 United States of America 1999-11-26

English Abstract

A snowmobile is described having a frame and an engine disposed on the frame. A drive track is disposed below the frame and connected operatively to the engine for propulsion of the snowmobile. At least one ski is disposed on the frame. A seat is disposed rearwardly of the engine, suitable for a rider with a center of gravity, and a steering device is disposed above the engine and forward of the seat, the steering device being operatively connected to the at least one ski for steering the snowmobile. The snowmobile has a center of gravity positioned such that a distance between a vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the snowmobile and a vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the rider is within a predetermined range. Also, the distance between the steering position of the snowmobile and the seat position of the rider falls within a predetermined range. The rider is positioned on the snowmobile such that lines passing through the steering position, the seat position, and the footrest position form a triangle with angles .alpha., .beta., and .gamma. that have a specific relationship to one another. In addition, the steering position is disposed forward of the forward-most drive axle of the drive track. The footrests are positioned below the seat at a declining angle .DELTA. to the horizontal. The axis of the steering column of the snowmobile forms an angle .epsilon. with vertical that falls within a predetermined range. A line passing through the steering position and the seat position forms an angle ~ with the horizontal that falls within a predetermined range. A line passing through the center of gravity of the vehicle and the center of gravity of the rider forms an angle .theta. with the horizontal that falls within a specified range. Finally, the position of the rider is such that the head of the rider naturally falls within a laminar air flow region that is defines by the windshield of the snowmobile.


French Abstract

Une motoneige est décrite comprenant un châssis et un moteur disposé sur le châssis. Une piste d'entraînement est disposée en dessous du châssis et reliée fonctionnellement au moteur de propulsion de la motoneige. Au moins un ski est disposé sur le châssis. Un siège est disposé à l'arrière du moteur, adapté à un pilote avec un centre de gravité, et un dispositif de direction est disposé au-dessus du moteur et à l'avant du siège, le dispositif de direction étant fonctionnellement relié au au moins un ski pour diriger la motoneige. La motoneige a un centre de gravité positionné de telle sorte que la distance entre la ligne verticale passant par le centre de gravité de la motoneige et une ligne verticale passant par le centre de gravité du pilote est comprise dans une plage prédéterminée. En outre, la distance entre la position de direction de la motoneige et la position du siège du pilote se trouve dans une plage prédéterminée. Le pilote est positionné sur la motoneige de sorte que des lignes passant par le poste de pilotage, la position du siège, et la position de repose-pieds forment un triangle avec les angles .alpha., .bêta., et .gamma. qui ont une relation spécifique entre eux. En outre, la position de direction est disposée en avant de l'essieu d'entraînement situé le plus en avant de la piste d'entraînement. Les repose-pieds sont placés sous le siège à un angle de recul .DELTA. à l'horizontale. L'axe de la colonne de direction de la motoneige forme un angle .epsilon. avec la verticale comprise dans une plage prédéterminée. Une ligne passant par le poste de pilotage et la position du siège forme un angle ~ avec l'horizontale qui est comprise dans une plage prédéterminée. Une ligne passant par le centre de gravité du véhicule et le centre de gravité du pilote forme un angle .thêta. avec l'horizontale qui est comprise dans une plage spécifiée. Enfin, la position du pilote est telle que la tête du pilote s'inscrit naturellement dans une région d'écoulement laminaire de l'air qui est définie par le pare-brise de la motoneige.


Note: Claims are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.




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THE EMBODIMENTS FOR WHICH AN EXCLUSIVE PROPERTY OR PRIVILEGE IS
CLAIMED ARE DEFINED AS FOLLOWS:

1. A snowmobile, comprising:
a frame including a tunnel;
an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being operatively connected to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;
a straddle seat disposed on the tunnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seat,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position on the seat with its feet disposed on the
footrests on the
footrest position and its hands disposed on the steering device on the
steering position
with the snowmobile being steered straight on flat terrain and being in
running condition
and full of fuel, the snowmobile has a first center of gravity without the
standard rider
and a second center of gravity with the standard rider and a distance between
a vertical
line passing through the first center of gravity and a vertical line passing
through the
second center of gravity is between 0 cm and 14 cm inclusive.

2. The snowmobile of claim 1, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline
and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the standard rider
in the




18

standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.

3. The snowmobile of claim 1, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline
and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the standard rider
in the
standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.

4. The snowmobile of claim 1, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline
and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the standard rider
in the
standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.

5. The snowmobile of claim 1, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline
and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the standard rider
in the
standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.

6. The snowmobile of claim 1, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline
and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the standard rider
in the
standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.

7. The snowmobile of any one of claims 1 through 6, wherein the distance
between
the centers of gravity is between 2 cm and 12 cm inclusive.





19


8. The snowmobile of any one of claims 1 through 6, wherein the distance
between
the centers of gravity is between 4 cm and 10 cm inclusive.

9. The snowmobile of any one of claims 1 through 6, wherein the distance
between
the centers of gravity is between 5 cm and 7 cm inclusive.

10. The snowmobile of any one of claims 1 through 6, wherein the distance
between
the centers of gravity is 5 cm.

11. A snowmobile, comprising:
a frame including a tunnel;
an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being operatively connected to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;
a straddle seat disposed on the tunnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seat,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position on the seat with its feet disposed on the
footrests on the
footrest position and its hands disposed on the steering device on the
steering position
with the snowmobile being steered straight and heading straight on flat
terrain and being
in running condition and full of fuel, the snowmobile has a first center of
gravity without




20


the standard rider and a second center of gravity with the standard rider and
a line
passing through the first center of gravity of the snowmobile and the second
center of
gravity farms an angle with horizontal that is between 35° and
90° inclusive.

12. The snowmobile of claim 11, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.

93. The snowmobile of claim 11, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.

14. The snowmobile of claim 11, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.

15. The snowmobile of claim 11, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.

16. The snowmobile of claim 11, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline




21

wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.

17. The snowmobile of any one of claims 11 through 16, wherein the angle is
between 50° and 90° inclusive.

18. The snowmobile of any one of claims 11 through 16, wherein the angle is
between 62° and 90° inclusive.

19. The snowmobile of any one of claims 11 through 16, wherein the angle is
67°.

20. A snowmobile, comprising:
a frame including a tunnel;
an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being operatively connected to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;
a forward-most drive track axle disposed on the frame;
a straddle seat disposed on the tunnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seal,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position on the seat with its feet disposed on the
footrests on the




22


footrest position and its hands disposed on the steering device on the
steering position
with the snowmobile being steered straight and heading straight on flat
terrain and being
in running condition and full of fuel, the standard rider has a center of
gravity and a
distance between a vertical line passing through the forward-most drive track
axle and a
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the standard rider is
between 15 cm
and 65 cm inclusive.

21. The snowmobile of claim 20, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a paint along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical tine passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.

22. The snowmobile of claim 20, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.

23. The snowmobile of claim 20, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.

24. The snowmobile of claim 20, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.





23

25. The snowmobile of claim 20, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.

26. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 20 through 25, wherein the
distance
between the vertical line passing through the forward-most drive track axle
and the
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the standard rider is
between 25 cm
and 55 cm inclusive.

27. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 20 through 25, wherein the
distance
between the vertical line passing through the forward-most drive track axle
and the
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the standard rider is
between 35 cm
and 55 cm inclusive.

28. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 20 through 25, wherein the
distance
between the vertical line passing through the forward-most drive track axle
and the
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the standard rider is
between 37 cm
and 47 cm inclusive.

29. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 20 through 25, wherein the
distance
between the vertical line passing through the forward-most drive track axle
and the
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the standard rider is
40 cm.

30. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 20 through 25, wherein the
distance
between the vertical line passing through the forward-most drive track axle
and the
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the standard rider is
45 cm.

31. A snowmobile, comprising;
a frame including a tunnel;




24

an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being operatively connected to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;
a forward-most drive track axle disposed on the frame;
a straddle seat disposed on the tunnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seat,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position on the seat with its feet disposed on the
footrests on the
footrest position and its hands disposed on the steering device on the
steering position
with the snowmobile being steered straight and heading straight on flat
terrain and being
in running condition and full of fuel, the standard rider has a center of
gravity and a line
passing through the forward-most drive track axle and the center of gravity of
the rider
forms an angle with horizontal that is between 41° and 75°
inclusive.

32. The snowmobile of claim 31, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.




25
33. The snowmobile of claim 31, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
34. The snowmobile of claim 31, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
35. The snowmobile of claim 31, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.
36. The snowmobile of claim 31, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.
37. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 31 through 36, wherein the angle
is
between 45° and 65° inclusive.
38. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 31 through 36, wherein the angle
is
between 50° and 60° inclusive.




26
39. The snowmobile of claim any one of claims 31 through 36, wherein the angle
is
55°.
40. A snowmobile, comprising:
a frame including a tunnel;
an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being operatively connected to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;
a straddle seat disposed on the funnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seat,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position on the seat on the seating position with its
feet
disposed on the footrests on the footrest position and its hands disposed on
the steering
device on the steering position with the snowmobile being steered straight and
heading
straight on flat terrain and being in running condition and full of fuel, the
snowmobile has
a center of gravity without the standard rider and the standard rider has a
center of
gravity and a distance between a vertical fine passing through the center of
gravity of the
snowmobile without the rider and a vertical line passing through the center of
gravity of
the standard rider is between 5 cm and 55 cm inclusive.



27
41. The snowmobile of claim 40, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.
42. The snowmobile of claim 40, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
43. The snowmobile of claim 40, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
44. The snowmobile of claim 40, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical fine
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.
45. The snowmobile of claim 40, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.




28
46. The snowmobile of any one of claims 40 through 45, wherein the distance
between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
snowmobile without
the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
standard rider
is between 15 cm and 45 cm inclusive,
47. The snowmobile of any one of claims 40 through 45, wherein the distance
between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
snowmobile without
the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
standard rider
is between 25 cm and 45 cm inclusive.
48. The snowmobile of any one of claims 40 through 45, wherein the distance
between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
snowmobile without
the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
standard rider
is between 27 cm and 37 cm.
49. The snowmobile of any one of claims 40 through 45, wherein the distance
between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
snowmobile without
the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
standard rider
is 30 cm.
50. The snowmobile of any one of claims 40 through 45, wherein the distance
between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
snowmobile without
the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the
standard rider
is 35 cm.
51. A snowmobile, comprising:
a frame including a tunnel;
an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being operatively connected to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;



29
a straddle seat disposed on the tunnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seat,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position on the seat with its feet disposed on the
footrests on the
footrest position and its hands disposed on the steering device on the
steering position
with the snowmobile being steered straight and heading straight on flat
terrain and being
in running condition and full of fuel, the snowmobile has a center of gravity
without the
standard rider and the standard rider has a center of gravity and a line
passing through
the center of gravity of the snowmobile without the rider and the center of
gravity of the
cider forms an angle with horizontal that is between 39° and 79°
inclusive.
52. The snowmobile of claim 51, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.
53. The snowmobile of claim 51, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline


30
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
54. The snowmobile of claim 51, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
55. The snowmobile of claim 51, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.
56. The snowmobile of claim 51, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.
57. The snowmobile of any one of claims 51 through 56, wherein the angle is
between 49° and 69° inclusive.
58. The snowmobile of any one of claims 51 through 56, wherein the angle is
between 54° and 64° inclusive.
59. The snowmobile of any one of claims 51 through 56, wherein the angle is
59°.
60. A snowmobile, comprising:
a frame including a tunnel;



31
an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being operatively connected to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;
a straddle seat disposed on the tunnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame via a suspension;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seat,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position an the seat with its feet disposed on the
footrests on the
footrest position and its hands disposed on the steering device on the
steering position
with the snowmobile being steered straight and heading straight on flat
terrain and being
in running condition and full of fuel, the snowmobile has a center of gravity
with the
standard rider and the standard rider has a center of gravity and a distance
between a
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the snowmobile with the
rider and a
vertical line passing through the center of gravity of the rider is between 0
cm and 50 cm
inclusive.
61. The snowmobile of claim 60, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.



32
62. The snowmobile of claim 60, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
63. The snowmobile of claim 60, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
64. The snowmobile of claim 60, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.
65. The snowmobile of claim 60, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical fine passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.
66. The snowmobile of any one of claims 60 through 65, wherein the distance
the
distance between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of
the
snowmobile with the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of
gravity of
the rider is between 10 cm and 40 cm inclusive.
67. The snowmobile of any one of claims 60 through 65, wherein the distance
the
distance between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of
the


33
snowmobile with the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of
gravity of
the rider is between 20 cm and 40 cm inclusive.
68. The snowmobile of any one of claims 60 through 65, wherein the distance
the
distance between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of
the
snowmobile with the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of
gravity of
the rider is between 22 cm and 32 cm inclusive.
69. The snowmobile of any one of claims 60 through 65, wherein the distance
the
distance between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of
the
snowmobile with the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of
gravity of
the rider is 25 cm.
70. The snowmobile of any one of claims 60 through 65, wherein the distance
the
distance between the vertical line passing through the center of gravity of
the
snowmobile with the rider and the vertical line passing through the center of
gravity of
the rider is 30 cm.
71. A snowmobile, comprising:
a frame including a tunnel;
an engine disposed on the frame;
a drive track disposed below the tunnel and being connected operatively to the
engine for propulsion of the snowmobile;
a straddle seat disposed on the tunnel above the drive track and rearward of
the
engine, the seat being dimensioned to support a standard rider having
dimensions and
weight of a 50-percentile human male;
two skis disposed on the frame;
a steering device disposed on the frame forward of the seat, the steering
device
being operatively connected to the two skis for steering the snowmobile, the
steering
device having a steering position;


34
a pair of footrests, one footrest being disposed below each side of the seat,
each
footrest being dimensioned and arranged with respect to the seat and the
steering
device to support one of the standard rider's feet thereon, the footrests
having a footrest
position;
the snowmobile constructed and arranged such that, when the standard rider is
in
a standard position defined as the standard rider straddling and being seated
in a
biomechanically neutral position on the seat with its feet disposed on the
footrests on the
footrest position and its hands disposed on the steering device on the
steering position
with the snowmobile being steered straight and heading straight on flat
terrain and being
in running condition and full of fuel, the snowmobile has a center of gravity
with the
standard rider and the standard rider has a center of gravity and a line
passing through
the center of gravity of the snowmobile with the standard rider and the center
of gravity
of the standard rider forms an angle with horizontal that is between
35° and 84°
inclusive.
72. The snowmobile of claim 71, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 40 cm and 90 cm inclusive.
73. The snowmobile of claim 71, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 50 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
74. The snowmobile of claim 71, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline


35

wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is between 60 cm and 80 cm inclusive.
75. The snowmobile of claim 71, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 65 cm.
76. The snowmobile of claim 71, wherein the snowmobile has a longitudinal
centerline and a seat position is defined on the seat with respect to the
standard rider in
the standard position, and the seat position is a point along the longitudinal
centerline
wherein a distance between a vertical line passing through the point and a
vertical line
passing through the steering position is 70 cm.
77. The snowmobile of any one of claims 71 through 76, wherein the angle is
between 45° and 75° inclusive.
78. The snowmobile of any one of claims 71 through 77, wherein the angle is
between 55° and 70° inclusive.
79. The snowmobile of any one of claims 71 through 77, wherein the angle is
57°.
80. The snowmobile of any one of claims 1 to 79, further comprising a pair of
toeholds, the toeholds being disposed above the footrests such that the feet
of the
standard rider are below the toeholds when the standard rider is in the
standard position.

Note: Descriptions are shown in the official language in which they were submitted.

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
1
SNOWMOBILE
Field of the Invention
The present invention concerns the overall design and construction of a
snowmobile.
More particularly, the present invention concerns a design for a snowmobile
where, among
other features, the steering control position, the seating position, and the
position of the
footrests are arranged in relation to one another so that the rider's center
of gravity is closer to
the center of gravity of the vehicle than on a conventional snowmobile.
Moreover, the design
for the snowmobile of the present invention improves the rider's control over
the vehicle.
Background of the Invention
Conventional snowmobiles share a common construction: they combine features
and
elements so that the rider sits in a generally upright position in a location
toward the rear of
the vehicle. When seated in this fashion, the rider sits a considerable
distance behind the
center of gravity of the vehicle (i.e., the center of gravity of the
combination of the vehicle
and the rider), which is located at or in proximity to the axis of the forward-
most axle of the
drive track.
When a snowmobile encounters a bump as it travels over the ground, the vehicle
naturally tends to pivot about its center of gravity. Accordingly, the further
the rider is
positioned from the center of gravity of the vehicle, the more strongly the
rider will feel each
bump as he passes over it. This occurs because the vehicle acts as a lever
that amplifies the
magnitude of the forces transferred from bumps on the ground to the rider. In
the case of the
conventional snowmobile, because the rider is positioned toward the rear of
the vehicle, the
rider is acutely aware of this phenomenon.
Accordingly, while the positioning of the rider on the conventional snowmobile
is
entirely adequate for enjoying the sport of snowmobiling, a need has arisen
for a snowmobile
where the rider's position is improved to minimize the effect of the vehicle's
movement on
the rider as it passes over uneven terrain.
Summary of the Invention
The present invention improves upon the conventional design by repositioning
the
rider on the vehicle and redesigning the layout of the vehicle to minimize the
effect of the
vehicle's movement on the rider as they pass over uneven terrain.
As would be understood by a person skilled in the art, a snowmobile has a
center of
gravity without the rider, and may have a different center of gravity with the
rider. In the
context of the present application it should be understood that the expression
"center of
gravity of a snowmobile" refers the center of gravity of a snowmobile with the
rider, unless

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
2
the contrary is indicated. Further, it should be understood that in the
context of the present
invention it is assumed that the vehicle is in running condition and is full
of fuel.
The present invention provides a snowmobile with a frame and an engine
disposed on
the frame. A drive track is disposed below the frame and connected operatively
to the engine
for propulsion of the snowmobile. At least one ski is disposed on the frame
and a seat is
disposed rearwardly of the engine, suitable for a rider with a center of
gravity. A steering
device is disposed above the engine and forward of the seat and is operatively
connected to
the at least one ski for steering the snowmobile.
In one aspect, a distance a between a vertical line passing through the center
of
gravity of the snowmobile without the rider and a vertical line passing
through the center of
gravity of the snowmobile with the rider is preferably between about 0 and 14
cm. More
preferably, distance a is between about 2 and 12 cm. Still more preferably,
distance a is
between about 4 and 10 cm. Still more preferably, distance a is between about
S and 7 cm.
Most preferably distance a is about 5 cm.
In another aspect, a distance z between a vertical line passing through the
forward-
most drive track axle (usually, but not exclusively the drive axle) and a
vertical line passing
through the center of gravity of the rider is preferably between about 15 and
65 cm. More
preferably, distance z is between about 25 and 55 cm. Still more preferably,
distance z is
between about 35 and 55 cm. Still more preferably, distancez is between about
37 and 47 cm.
Most preferably distance z is about 40 cm or about 45 cm.
In yet another aspect, a distance x between a vertical line passing through
the center
of gravity of the snowmobile with the rider and a vertical line passing
through the center of
gravity of the rider is preferably between about 0 and 50 cm. More preferably,
distancex is
between about 10 and 40 cm. Still more preferably, distance x is between about
22 and 32
cm. Most preferably, distance x is about 25 cm or about 30 cm.
In still yet another aspect, a distance y between a vertical line passing
through the
center of gravity of the snowmobile without the rider and a vertical line
passing through the
center of gravity of the rider is preferably between about 5 and 55 cm. More
preferably,
distance y is between about 15 and 45 cm. Still more preferably, distancey is
between about
25 and 45 cm or between about 27 and 37 cm. Most preferably, distancey is
about 30 or 35
cm.
Also in accordance with the teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile
is
provided that has a frame with an engine disposed thereon. A drive track is
disposed below
the frame and connected operatively to the engine for propulsion of the
snowmobile. At least
one ski is disposed on the frame. A seat is disposed rearwardly of the engine,
suitable for a
rider having a center of gravity, and a steering device is disposed forward of
the seat. The
steering device is operatively connected to the at least one ski for steering
the snowmobile.

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
3
In one aspect, the snowmobile has a center of gravity positioned so that a
line passing
through the center of gravity of the snowmobile without the rider and the
center of gravity of
the snowmobile with the rider preferably forms an angle ~, with horizontal
that is between
about 35 and 90°. More preferably, angle ~, is between about 50 and
90°. Still more
preferably, angle ~, is between about 62 and 90°. Most preferably,
angle ~, is about 67°.
In another aspect, the snowmobile has a center of gravity positioned so that a
line
passing through the forward-most drive track axle and the center of gravity of
the rider
preferably forms an angle ~ with horizontal that is between about 41 and
75°. More
preferably, angle ~ is between about 45 and 65°. Still more preferably,
angle ~ is between
about 50 and 60°. Most preferably, angle ~ is about 55°.
In still another aspect, the snowmobile has a center of gravity positioned so
that a line
passing through the center of gravity of the snowmobile without the rider and
the center of
gravity of the rider preferably forms an angle ~ with horizontal that is
between about 39 and
79°. More preferably, angle w is between about 49 and 69°. Still
more preferably, angle ~ is
between about 54 and 64°. Most preferably, angle w is about 59°.
In yet another aspect, the snowmobile has a center of gravity positioned so
that a line
passing through the center of gravity of the snowmobile with the rider and the
center of
gravity of the rider preferably forms an angle 8 with horizontal that is
between about 35 and
84°. More preferably, angle 8 is between about 45 and 75°. Still
more preferably, angle 8 is
between about 55 and 70°. Most preferably, angle 8 is about 57°.
According to further teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile is
provided
having a frame on which a seat is disposed that is suitable for a rider. A
steering device is
disposed on the frame forward of the seat. Right and left footrests are
disposed below the seat
on either side thereof, suitable for placement of a rider's feet thereon. The
steering device
defines a steering position, the seat defines a seat position, and the
footrests define a footrest
position. A line passing through the seat position and the steering position
forms angle a with
a line passing through the seat position and the footrest position. A line
passing through the
footrest position and the steering position forms angle (3 with the line
passing through the
footrest position and the seat position. Finally, the line passing through the
footrest position
and the steering position forms angle y with the line passing through the
steering position and
the seat position. Preferably, angle a is between about 63 and 152°,
angle (3 is between about
16 and 84°, and angle y is between about 11 and 42°. More
preferably, angle a is between
about 67 and 112°, angle (3 is between about 41 and 72°, and
angle y is between about 22 and
45°. Still more preferably, angle a is between about 75 and 97°,
angle ~i is between about 52

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
4
and 67°, and angle y is between about 30 and 41 °. Most
preferably, angle a is about 83°,
angle (3 is about 64°, and angle y is about 33°.
According to additional teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile is
provided
with a frame and a seat disposed on the frame, suitable for a rider. A
steering device is
disposed on the frame forward of the seat. Right and left footrests are
disposed below the seat
on either side thereof, suitable for placement of the rider's feet thereon.
The seat defines a
seat position, the steering device defines a steering position, and the
footrests define a footrest
position. A line passing through the seat position and the steering position
forms angle a with
a line passing through the seat position and the footrest position, a line
passing through the
footrest position and the steering position forms angle (3 with the line
passing through the
footrest position and the seat position, the line passing through the footrest
position and the
steering position forms angle y with the line passing through the steering
position and the seat
position, and angle a, angle (3, and angle y satisfy the relationship a >_ ~3
>_ y.
According to still further teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile is
provided that has a frame and a seat disposed on the frame, suitable for a
rider. A steering
device is disposed on the frame forward of the seat. Right and left footrests
are disposed
below the seat on either side thereof, suitable for placement of the rider's
feet thereon. The
seat defines a seat position, the steering device defines a steering position,
and the footrests
define a footrest position. A line passing through the seat position and the
steering position
forms angle a with a line passing through the seat position and the footrest
position. A line
passing through the footrest position and the steering position forms angle (3
with the line
passing through the footrest position and the seat position. The line passing
through the
footrest position and the steering position forms angle y with the line
passing through the
steering position and the seat position. Angle a, angle (3, and angle y
satisfy the relationship:
angle a ~ 2.5y.
A snowmobile is also provided with a frame and a seat disposed on the frame. A
steering device is disposed on the frame forward of the seat. The seat defines
a seat position
and the steering device defines a steering position. A line passing through
the steering
position and the seat position forms an angle ~ with horizontal that is
between about 15 and
51°. More preferably, angle ~ is between about 19 and 41°. Even
more preferably, angle ~ is
between about 23 and 31 °. Most preferably, angle ~ is about
26°.
The present invention also provides for a snowmobile having a frame and at
least one
ski disposed on the frame. A steering shaft is operatively connected to the at
least one ski for
steering the snowmobile. The steering shaft is disposed over the engine at an
angle s of less
than about 45° from vertical. More preferably, angle E is between about
25 and 40° from

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
5
vertical. Even more preferably, angle s is between about 30 and 35°
from vertical. Most
preferably, angle E is about 33° from vertical.
According to still further teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile is
provided with a frame and a seat disposed on the frame, suitable for a rider,
the seat defining a
location of a rider space associated with the seat. A steering shaft is
disposed on the frame
forward of the seat and a handlebar is mounted onto the steering shaft. The
handlebar and
steering shaft are rotatable about a central axis between first and second
positions to define a
handlebar space. The handlebar space does not intersect with the rider space.
According to further teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile is
provided
having a frame, a seat disposed on the frame, suitable for a rider, a steering
device disposed
forward of the seat, and a windshield disposed forward of the steering
devic.,, the windshield
having a top. The steering device defines a steering position and the seat
defines a seat
position. A line between the steering position and the seat position forms an
angle w with a
line between the seat position and the top of the windshield that lies between
about 0 and 20°.
More preferably, angle p is between about 10 and 20°. Most preferably,
angle w is about 18°.
The teachings of the present invention also provide for a snowmobile having a
frame
and a seat disposed on the frame, suitable for a rider. A steering device is
disposed forward of
the seat. A windshield having a top is disposed forward of the seat. When in
motion, the
windshield defines a laminar flow region of moving air that extends upwardly
and rearwardly
from the top thereof. When seated in the seat and when grasping the steering
device, the
rider's head is positioned within the laminar flow region.
According to still further teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile is
provided with a frame, a drive axle disposed on the frame, and a steering
device disposed on
the frame forward of the drive axle.
In addition, the present invention provides for a snowmobile with a frame, a
seat
disposed on the frame, suitable for a rider, and right and left footrests
disposed below the seat
on either side thereof, suitable for placement of the rider's feet thereon. A
steering device is
disposed forward of the footrests.
The present invention also provides for a snowmobile with a frame, a seat
disposed
on the frame, and a steering device disposed on the frame and forward of the
seat. A distance
b between vertical lines passing through the steering device and the seat is
between about 40
and 90 cm. More preferably, distance b is between about 50 and 80 cm. Still
more
preferably, distance b is between about 60 and 80 cm. Most preferably,
distance b is about 65
or 70 cm.
According to still further teachings of the present invention, a snowmobile is
provided with a frame, a seat disposed on the frame, suitable for a rider, and
right and left

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
6
footrests disposed below the seat on either side thereof, suitable for
placement of the rider's
feet thereon. The footrests are disposed at an angle ~ with horizontal that is
between about +
10 and - 20°. More preferably, angle ~ is between about + 10 and -
10°. Still more
preferably, angle 0 is between about 0 and - 5°. Most preferably, angle
~ is about - 5°.
Brief Description of the Drawings
For a better understanding of the present invention as well as other objects
and further
features thereof, reference is made to the following description which is to
be used in
conjunction with the accompanying drawings, where:
FIG. 1 is a side view illustration of a conventional snowmobile, showing the
traditional positioning of a rider thereon;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the snowmobile according to the teachings of
the
present invention, showing the positioning of a rider thereon;
FIG. 3 is a side view illustration of a conventional snowmobile and the
snowmobile
of the present invention superimposed on one another to illustrate the
differences
therebetween;
FIG. 4 is a top view representation of a snowmobile constructed according to
the
teachings of the present invention, showing the radius of travel of the
steering device through
a full range of motion;
FIG. 5 is a side view illustration of the positioning of the rider on the
snowmobile of
the present invention (which is not shown), showing the angular relationship
between the
steering position, the seat position, and the footrest position;
FIG. 6 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention as illustrated in FIG. 5, showing distances a, x, y, and z
between various
points;
FIG. 7 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle ~, formed by a line through the center of
gravity of the
vehicle with and without the rider and horizontal;
FIG. 8 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle ~ formed by a line between the forward-most
drive axle and
the rider's center of gravity and horizontal;
FIG. 9 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle w formed between a line between the center of
gravity of the
vehicle without the rider and the rider's center of gravity and horizontal;
FIG. 10 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle 0 formed between a line between the center of
gravity of the

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
7
snowmobile of the present invention with a rider and the rider's center of
gravity and
horizontal;
FIG. 11 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle ~ formed by a line between the seat position
and steering
position and horizontal and also showing distance b between the steering
position and seat
position;
FIG. 12 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle ~ of the footrests that is formed between a
forward position
of the sideboard and horizontal;
FIG. 13 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle w formed between a line through the seat
position and the
steering position and a line through the seat position and the top of the
windshield;
FIG. 14 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing angle s of the steering shaft over the engine;
FIG. 15 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing the zones of variance of the seating and steering
positions;
FIG. 16 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing the calculations of am;" and oc",aX;
FIG. 17 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing the calculations of (3",;" and ~3ma,~,
FIG. 18 is a side view illustration of the position of the rider on the
snowmobile of the
present invention, showing the calculations of y",;" and y",aX;
FIG. 19 illustrates a front elevational view of a standard rider; and
FIG. 20 illustrates a side elevational view of the standard rider illustrated
in FIG. 19.
Description of the Preferred Embodiments
Throughout the description of the various embodiments of the present
invention,
reference will be made to various elements, the construction of which is
readily known to
those skilled in the art. Accordingly, an exhaustive description of each and
every component
is not provided, only a description of those elements required for an
understanding of the
present invention.
FIG. 1 illustrates a conventional snowmobile 10 (that sold by Bombardier Inc.
of
Montreal, Canada, under the trademark SKI-DOO, model MXZ, model year 1999),
which has
a forward end 11 and a rearward end 13 (that are defined consistently with the
travel direction
of the vehicle). Conventional snowmobile 10 includes a body 12 (i.e., the
exterior upper
portions) and a frame 14. While not shown in FIG. 1, an engine is carried by
frame 14 at its

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
8
forward end. In addition, two skis 16 are attached to the forward end of frame
14 through a
suspension system 18. A drive track 20 is disposed under frame 14 and is
connected
operatively to the engine for propulsion of the vehicle.
At the front of frame 14, snowmobile 10 includes fairings 22 that enclose the
engine
to protect it and to provide a external shell that can be decorated so that
the snowmobile is
aesthetically pleasing. Typically the fairings 22 comprise a hood and a bottom
pad (neither of
which have been individually identified in the Figures). A windshield 24 may
be connected
to fairings 22 near the forward end 11 of snowmobile 10. Windshield 24 acts as
a windscreen
to lessen the force of the air on rider 26 when snowmobile 10 is moving.
A seat 28 extends from rearward end 13 of snowmobile 10 to the fairings 22. A
steering device 32, such as a handlebar, is positioned forward of rider 26 and
behind the
engine. Two footrests 34 are positioned on either side of seat 28 to
accommodate the rider's
feet 46.
When seated, the average rider 26 will be positioned so that his hands grasp
steering
device 32 at steering position 36. Moreover, rider 26 will be seated so that
the center of his
torso 42 is above seat position 30. When seated in this manner, the rider's
feet 46 naturally
will be placed at footrest position 38. Positioned in this manner, the rider's
center of gravity
40 will be located just forward of the rider's stomach, offset from the center
of the rider's
torso 42. (The rider's center of gravity 40 is offset forwardly from the
center of the rider's
torso 42 because the rider's arm and legs are disposed forward of the rider's
torso 42 when
rider 26 is in the driving position.)
For conventional snowmobile 10, the rider's center of gravity 40 is behind the
center
of gravity of the snowmobile 44 (i.e., the center of gravity of the snowmobile
with the rider).
The center of gravity of the snowmobile 44 is located on or near the forward-
most axle of
drive track 20. (While the forward-most axle of drive track 20 is not shown,
those skilled in
the art will readily appreciate that it is located at or near the position
labeled as the center of
gravity of the vehicle 44.) The location of the center of gravity of the
vehicle without the
driver 44' is forward of the center of gravity of the vehicle with the driver
44. It is also lower
than the center of gravity of the vehicle with the driver 44. In addition,
footrests 34 are
inclined upwardly from the horizontal so that the rider's feet 46 are in a
comfortable position
when rider 26 is seated on snowmobile 10.
For conventional snowmobile 10, the positioning of these various components
and
elements creates a situation where rider 26 is seated in a relatively upright
position toward the
rear of the vehicle. As shown in FIG. 1, with the rider's feet 46 positioned
on footrests 34,
the rider's knees 48 are positioned close to the steering position 36 where
the rider's hands 50
are located. The placement of seat 28 is such that the seat position 30 is
even with or slightly
below the rider's knees 48. These elements, coupled with the placement of
steering position

CA 02293106 2006-12-22
9
3C, behind foot position 38, cri;atvs a situation where rider 2G sits inclined
slightly frnward, as indicated in
I~ IG. I.
'l'hc positioning ot'rider 24 shown in F1G, 1 is considercc) standard. before
the present invention.
there was no motivation to adjust the position of riclcr 2b because the
standard pioitiun does not hinder
operation ofthe vehicle nor dixa it crcale an unsafe riding condition for
rid4r 26. Moreover, the convcnlional
positioning of rider 26 on snowmobile 1 U does not prevent rider 26 from
enjoying the sport of snowmohilin6.
Despite t111S, the. irtvcnlors of the present invention realized thal it is
possible to improve upon the
construction of a snowmobile to rtlter the positiuniry or the rider to improve
considc;rably the handling and
ride Of the. vehicle.
Flea 2 illustrates snowmobile 1 10, whivh is made according to the. teachings
ofthe prescrtt invention.
Like snowmobile l0, snowmobile 11(.1 has a body 112 and a frame I 14. I'wn
skis 116 are positionCil
at the front of tr-amc t t 4 so that snowmobile 110 may be steered owcr the
snow. Skis l I (i are convicted to
lwarne 1 l4 through a suspension system I 18 attached In Irame 1 1A at its
forward end- ran c;n~,~ne (the position
of which is shown generally in hlc;. 14) is also disposed at the forward end
of snowmobile 110 trod is
ci>ve;rcd by 1-airin6s 122 that protect the engine and larnvirle; snowmobile
11U with an acslhetically pleasing
appearance. A win dchicld 124 pray extend upwardly from fnirings 122 lu act as
a windscreen for rider 126.
A drive track 120, which is operatively connected to the engine, is positioned
below frame 114.
t)rive track 12U is rr continuous bc;Il that runs around a number of sxli;s
including a forward-mull axle 121
thrtt is obscured by fairings l22 in flCi, Z (but is illustrated in PIGS. 5-
1$). Forward-most axle 121 of
snowmobile I IU is at or near the center of gnavity 144 of snowmobile 110 with
the rider, ~r5 would be
understood by those skilled in the art. Further details in this rGSpcs;l are
provided in connection with the
discussion that accompanies flCrS. 5-18. FIGS 5-18 show that porrtiort of lha
frame I I ~1 which is c:ummonly
reffcrccl to in tire Snowmobile art as a tunnel.
When rider l2ti is em snowmobile I I 0, the rider will he positioned on seat
128 sn that he occupies
seat position 130. seat position 131f is the point at which the weight ofthe
rider 12ti is exerted on the seal
128 while st;itled in a biomechanically neutral position un the seat with iGs
feet disposed on the footrest at the
footrest position and its hands dispus<;tl tin the steering device 1t the
steering position, with the snowmobile
teeing steered straight and headed straight an flat terrtrin sod being in
running condition. As would be kouwn
to a person skilled in the art, a biomeahanically neutral position is one
wherein each ofthe i.rpposing muscles
rtf the ntttjor supporting muscle groups that maintain the rider in his
position a.rc in equilibrium. This ptrint
rnay vary from rider to rider, given changes in height and weight from one
rider to another. In Gases of
difficulty, it stay be delerzrrined by taking a 50-percentile lJnited States
human male (having a weight of 78
kllAgl'Fllll4 and ctirneruiuns shown in flCiS. lr) arid 20), placing. him an
the snowmobile in the biontechanically
neutral position shown in the Figurta (i.e., that approximate ih4 position of
a rider a few seconds after Star~IinK

CA 02293106 2006-12-22
la
the vehicle, heading straight ahead on a flat terrain), and drawing fl Iitlc
from his shoulder ltrrough his hip.
(H'or purlnoscs ofthis discussion, a standard pemon is illustrated irr FIGS.
19 and 20.) The intcrsc:i;tion o1'that
line with the seat may be considered to be the seat position 130. tt wili
silsrr lac unde;r5toud that seat I ~8 will
he covered Wlth fill fl111()UIIt of foam or similar padding-type material,
cind that the amount t~t~thr~t tram will
vary from seat tp seat.

CA 02293106 2006-12-22
When the cider' 126 sits upon the scat 128, his weight will causa the foam to
cottrprcss and he will sink
into that' Seat 12R_ Preferably, the seating position 130 is determined after
this cirrttprcssion has occurred.
'~teering device 132 is positioned at the forward end of snowmobile 11 Q aril
above the engine so
that steering position 136 is fonvdrd of and tebuve the center of gravity 144
of snewmnhilc 11U. {For
purposes of this discussion, the forward direction is toward forward end 11 i
of snowmobile 110 while the
rvarwyrd direction is toward roarward end 113 of the vehicle.) As is the case
with the searing position
1317, the steering prtsitian I 3ti may vary depending nn the ci~.c and sl7apc
of the hands of lhc riaier 126. In
cases of dilliwlty, the steering position 136 rosy Ix dctcrrnincd by placing
the hands of thaw saint SU-
(tercentile rider described above, placing it on the steering device 132 ire
nurtnal operating ppsitiOri. T'he
steering position 136 will be the intersection of the center of the pnlm of
the hands ol'the rider 126 and
the. steering device 132.
It should be noted that steering device 132 is shown in the various fi~,~ures
as a handlebar but
should not bG limited to just this particular construction. It would be
understood by thnsC skilled in the art
that any yuitr~hl4 steering device may he used for Snowmohil4 11U, for
example, steering device 132
could bi: a stE:ering wher:l ire a yi>ke of the type used ire ttircrali.
Mutr;uvc:~r, the positioning of steering
device I 32 above the engine also should not be considered to be limited to
the pOSltl(111 IIlllStl'FllCil in FIG.
2. As would he uniicratrx~d by rhose skilled in the a.rl., di:pc;nding tar the
particular arrangement of
elements for the snowmobile, it is possible that steering device 132 could be
positiornd higher ur lower
than shown in FIG. 2 without departing from the scups acrd spirit of the
present invention.
'fhc rider's tcet 14G rest on footrests l34 in footrest position 138.iust
behind thn canter of gravity
I 44 of the snowmobile 144. The footrest position ! 38 is in the location of
the arch of the lirut of the rider
126 wtte.n his lent eri: plzii;e;d in normal opur'alinb position an the
vehicle. Under normal operating
conditions, the rider's feet 146 will rest on a forward portion of the
sideboards. Prctcrably, ti><.hulds 1~1~5
are disposed shove these forward portion and permit the rider to releasahly
secure himself to the vehicle.
ns shown in f IG. 2 and more clearly in P1C~. 5, rider 126 is positioned on
snowntobilc 110 so that
a lint passing thraush seat position 13U and steering position 136 funns an
angle a with a line passing
through seat position 130 and footrest position i3R. In addition, a line
pa3sitrg fhruugh foOtt'eSt pOSiti0rl
131; and slccrin g prasitiurt 1 i(, formw an attglc ~i with x line
passingthrougl't footrest position 13R and acfit
position 130. Finally, a line passing through footrest position 138 and
steering position 136 forms ~3.n
angle y with a line passing through steering position 136 and settt position
130. Irt other words, steer7ng
position 136, footrest position 138 and s~;at position 130 form a triangle
with angles o, (~, and y that

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
11
each fall within certain preferred ranges. For example, it is preferred that
anglea lie within a
range of between about 63 and 152°, that angle (3 lie within a range of
between about 16 and
84°, and that y lie within a range of between about 11 and 42°.
It is more preferred that angle
a lie within a range of between about 67 and 112°, that angle (3 lie
within a range of between
about 41 and 72°, and that y lie within a range of between about 22 and
45°. It is even more
preferred that angle a lie within a range of between about 75 and 92°,
that angle (3 lie within a
range of between about 52 and 67°, and that y lie within a range of
between about 30 and 41°.
Finally, it is most preferred that angle a be about 83°, that angle [3
be about 64°, and that y be
about 33°. In addition, it is preferred that angles a, (3, and y be
selected so that a >_ ~i >_ y.
Moreover, it is preferred that the angles be selected to satisfy the following
equation: a ~ 2.5y.
FIGS. 15-18 illustrate the ranges within which seat position 130 and steering
position
136 may be varied while remaining within the scope of the present invention.
The cross-
hatched regions indicate the range within which steering position 136 and seat
position 130
may fall depending upon the design of snowmobile 110 and the size and shape of
rider 126.
When angles a, (3, and y satisfy any of the relationships set forth above, and
preferably when steering position 136 is positioned forward of a vertical line
passing through
the vehicle's center of gravity 144, the rider's center of gravity 140 is
positioned much closer
to the center of gravity of the vehicle 144 than for conventional snowmobile
10 (as illustrated
in FIG. 3). In addition, when rider 126 is positioned as illustrated in FIG.
2, the rider's feet
146 are more in line with his torso 142 and his center of gravity 140. This
position has a
number of advantages, as described in greater detail below.
When rider 26 is sitting on conventional snowmobile 10, if he sees a large
bump
ahead, it is natural for rider 26 to try to raise himself off of seat 28 to
minimize the impact of
the bump as he passes over it. However, because of his positioning on
conventional
snowmobile 10, in order for rider 26 to stand up, he must pull on steering
device 32 using his
upper body. The positioning of the rider's feet 46 forward of the rider's
center of gravity 40
and at an incline on footrests 34 makes it difficult for rider 26 to stand on
snowmobile 10
using only the strength of his legs. Moreover, even after rider 26 lifts
himself from seat 28,
his center of gravity 40 remains sufficiently rearward of the center of
gravity of the vehicle 44
that he will perceive the large bump.
In snowmobile 110 of the present invention, however, a wholly different result
is
achieved. First, steering position 136 is displaced forward of the center of
gravity of the
vehicle 144. This position pulls rider 126 forward of the conventional
position. By moving
seat position 130 closer to the center of gravity of the vehicle 144 than the
conventional
example, and by redesigning footrests 134 so that they are kept at a decline,
rider 126 is
positioned so that, if a large bump is seen in the path ahead, rider 126 can
easily raise himself

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
12
from the seat using primarily the strength of only his legs 152. Since rider
126 is disposed
closer to the center of gravity of the vehicle 144, when snowmobile 110 passes
over a large
bump, the effect of the bump is not transferred to rider 126 with the same
magnitude as the
force transferred to rider 26 on conventional snowmobile 10.
In addition, because rider 126 can raise himself from seat 128 using his legs
152 and
not his arms 154, rider 126 can maintain greater control over snowmobile 110
as he passes
over the obstacle than rider 26 on conventional snowmobile 10. If rider 26
tries to pull
himself from seat 28 as he passes over a large bump or obstacle, he sacrifices
some of this
strength pulling himself up from seat 28 and, therefore, may be less able to
steer and control
the vehicle as he passes over the obstacle.
To facilitate the rider's ability to raise himself off of seat 128 using his
legs 152,
footrests 134 are not inclined as with snowmobile 10. Instead, footrests 134
are part of the
forward portion of the sideboards 135 that laterally extend from the frame
below the seat on
either side thereof. As a result, footrests 134 are at angle D with respect to
the horizontal.
Preferably, angle D is between about +10 and -20°. More preferably,
angle 0 lies between
about +10 and -10°. Even more preferably, angle 0 lies between about 0
and -5°. Most
preferably, angle 0 is about -5°.
As mentioned, one aspect of the present invention that improves upon the
conventional snowmobile 10 is the fact that the rider's center of gravity 140
is closer to the
center of gravity of the vehicle 144 than in the conventional example. This
positioning helps
to minimize the effect of bumps and terrain on rider 126. Referring to FIGS. 2
and 6, it is
preferred that a distance x, measured as the distance between a vertical line
158 passing
through the center of gravity of the vehicle 144 and a vertical line 160
passing through the
center of gravity of the rider 140, be between about 0 and 50 cm. It is more
preferred that
distance x be between about 10 and 40 cm. In still a more preferred example,
distance x is
between about 22 and 32 cm. In the most preferred example, distance x is about
25 or 30 cm.
Also, a distance a between a vertical line passing through the center of
gravity of the
snowmobile without the rider 144' and a vertical line passing through the
center of gravity of
the snowmobile with the rider 144 is preferably between about 0 and 14 cm.
More preferably,
distance a is between about 2 and 12 cm. Still more preferably, distance a is
between about 4
and 10 cm. Still more preferably, distance a is between about 5 and 7 cm. Most
preferably,
distance a is about 5 cm.
Similarly, a distance z between a vertical line passing through the forward-
most drive
track axle 121 (usually, but not exclusively the drive axle) and a vertical
line passing through
the center of gravity of the rider 140 is preferably between about 15 and 65
cm. More

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
13
preferably, distance z is between about 25 and 55 cm. Still more preferably,
distance z is
between about 35 and 55 cm. Still more preferably, distancez is between about
37 and 47 cm.
Most preferably, distance z is about 40 cm or about 45 cm.
In addition, a distance y between a vertical line passing through the center
of gravity
of the snowmobile without the rider 144' and a vertical line passing through
the center of
gravity of the rider 140 is preferably between about 5 and 55 cm. More
preferably, distancey
is between about 15 and 45 cm. Still more preferably, distancey is between
about 25 and 45
cm or between about 27 and 37 cm. Most preferably, distance y is about 30 or
35 cm.
Similarly, when rider 126 is positioned on snowmobile 110 so that his center
of
gravity 140 is closer to the center of gravity of the vehicle 144 than the
conventional example,
a line passing through the center of gravity of the vehicle 144 and the center
of gravity of the
rider 140 forms an angle B with horizontal 156 that preferably falls within a
range between
about 35 and 84°. More preferably, angle 0 lies between 45 and
75°. Still more preferably,
angle A lies within a range between about 55 and 70°. Finally, angle A
is about 57°.
In this regard, snowmobile 110 has a center of gravity positioned so that a
line
passing through the forward-most drive track axle 121 and the center of
gravity of the rider
140 preferably forms an angle ~ with horizontal that is between about 41 and
75°. More
preferably, angle n is between about 45 and 65°. Still more preferably,
angle ~ is between
about 50 and 60°. Most preferably, angle ~ is about 55°.
Snowmobile 110 has a center of gravity positioned so that a line passing
through the
center of gravity of the snowmobile without the rider 144' and the center of
gravity of the
snowmobile with the rider 144 preferably forms an angle ~, with horizontal
that is between
about 35 and 90°. More preferably, angle ~, is between about 50 and
90°. Still more
preferably, angle ~, is between about 62 and 90°. Most preferably,
angle ~, is about 67°.
Snowmobile 110 has a center of gravity positioned so that a line passing
through the
center of gravity of the snowmobile without the rider 144' and the center of
gravity of the
rider 140 preferably forms an angle cu with horizontal that is between about
39 and 79°. More
preferably, angle co is between about 49 and 69°. Still more
preferably, angle ~ is between
about 54 and 64°. Most preferably, angle w is about 59°.
In addition, when rider 126 is positioned on snowmobile 110 so that his center
of
gravity 140 is closer to the center of gravity of the vehicle 144 than in
conventional
snowmobile 10, a distance b between a vertical line passing through steering
position 136 and
a vertical line passing through seat position 130 is between about 40 and 90
cm. Preferably,
distance b is between about 60 and 80 cm. Most preferably, distance b (in FIG.
2) is either 65
or 70 cm.

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
14
Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 11, with the steering position 136 and seat
position
130 located so that the center of gravity of the rider 140 is closer to the
center of gravity of the
vehicle 144 than the conventional example, a line passing through steering
position 136 and
seat position 130 forms an angle ~ with horizontal 156 that lies in a range
between about 15
and 51 °. More preferably, angle ~ lies in a range between about 19 and
41 °. Even more
preferably, angle ~ lies in a range between about 23 and 31 °. Most
preferably, angle ~ is
about 26°.
To improve the steerability of snowmobile 110, the inventors also altered the
positioning of the axis of the steering shaft 162 so that it is more steeply
sloped than the
steering shaft in prior art snowmobiles having a steering shaft over the
engine. With a steeper
slope to the axis of the steering shaft 162, the turning force applied by
rider 126 is more
directly applied to steer the vehicle. According to the present invention, and
as illustrated in
FIGS. 2 and 14, the axis of the steering shaft 162 forms an angle E with
vertical 164 that is
less than 45°. More preferably, angle E lies between about 25 and
40°. Even more preferably,
angle a lies between about 30 and 35°. Most preferably, angle s is
about 33°. The angular
position of the steering shaft 162 is also preferred because it facilitates
placement of steering
position 136 in a position forward of that for conventional snowmobile 10.
Positioning rider 126 on snowmobile 110 in the manner described has still
further
advantages. Windshield 124 has a top 166. When snowmobile 110 is moving, top
166 of
windshield 166 defines a point from which the air travels along a travel path
168. The air
along air travel path will have laminar flow characteristics until it reaches
a turbulent flow
region 170. When rider 126 is positioned on snowmobile 110 as described above,
the rider's
head 172 falls within the laminar flow region 174. As a result, rider 126
enjoys a more
comfortable ride because the air has a less adverse effect on his head 172 in
terms of
temperature, noise, etc.
Those skilled in the art will readily recognize that the positioning of the
rider's head
172 on snowmobile 110 is very different than that for conventional snowmobile
10. As
illustrated in FIG. 3, head 72 of rider 26 falls into the turbulent flow
region 170. Accordingly,
rider 26 experiences a poorer quality ride than rider 126.
The positioning of rider 126 on snowmobile 110 in the manner taught by the
present
invention offers still further advantages. As illustrated, the view that rider
126 has of the
ground in front of him is much improved over the view of the ground in front
of rider 26 on
conventional snowmobile 26. This is true because rider 126 has less of the
snowmobile
fairings 122 and windshield 124 in front of him than rider 26 does. As a
result, rider 126 is
better able to react to obstacles in his immediate path than rider 26.

CA 02293106 2003-08-05
t1
The height of the windshield 124, the location <>fseat position 130 and the
location of steering position
136 define a relationship that facilitatevs construction of a snowmobile 110
where the view of the rider
is improved. Specifically, a line betweco tl~r top 166 o1' windshield 124 and
seat position 130 forms
an angle F with a line Between steerinf; position 136 and seat position 13()
that lies between about 0
and 20°. Preferably, an~;le p lies between about l0 and 20°.
Most preferably, angle ~ is about 18°.
The design of s,zowmobile 1 10 offers still further advantages. her example,
as illustrated in
FIG. 1, the rider's knees 48 are positioned very close to steerin;~ position
j6. As a result, when rider
26 steers snowmobile 1(?, it is not uncommon for rider 26 to hits Isis knees
48 with steering device 32.
This presents a minor design difticult:y that the present invention solves.
As shown in FInJ. 4, when rider 126 turns steering dev-ce 132 to its maximum
positions, the
handlebars sweep out a L~andlebar space l i6. Because steering cev ice 132 is
positioned forward of the
center of gravity of the vehicle 144, handlebar space 17(> cannot intersect
with the space occupied by
rider 126. In other words, rider 126 will not normally hit his knees l48 with
steering device 132 while
riding snowmobile I 10.
Snowmobile 110 of the present invention also differs from conventional
snowmobile 10 in
that the steering device 132 is disposed forward of the axis of the forward-
most drive axle, which
corresponds closely to tile center of gra~;rty of the veluclc 144. Steering
device 132 is also positioned
forward of footrest position 138, which also differs from conventronal
snowmobile 10. With steering
position 136 disposed forward of both the center of gravity of the vehicle 144
and forward of the
footrest position 138, the center of gravity of the rider 140 is positioned
much closer to the center of
gravity of the vehicle 1~.4 than in cow:entiunal snowmobile 10.
The present invention offers still lurthcr advantages over the design of
conventional
snowmobile 10. Since rider 126 is positioned closer to the center of gravity
of the vehicle 144, the
ride for a second rider on the same vehicle is also improved Because the
second occupant is also
disposed closer to the center of ~~ravity o1 the vehicle. E'IG. 3 is
illustrative.
Rider 26 (who is shown asl.riclr conventional snowmobile 10) is essentially in
the second
passenger seat for snowmobile 110. Since rider 126 has been moved ibrward, the
second rider is
subject to the kind of fords that he would Be subjected to if he were driving
a conventional
snowmobile 10. In <7ther words, the: second rider rs no wors<: off than he
would lie if he were
passenger 26 on conventional snowmobrle 10. indeed the second rider's
situation is quite improved,
and may approach that of a rider 26 an a conventional snowmobile 10.
In addition, since second rider experiences a srmilar ride experience to what
rider 26
experiences on conventional snowmohi lc, it is possibly that a third rider
could be added to snowmobile
110 behind the second rider. The third ;rider, then, would experience the
forces similar to those that a
second rider would normally experience on conventional snow mobile 10.

CA 02293106 1999-12-23
16
In addition, since second rider experiences a similar ride experience to what
rider 26
experiences on conventional snowmobile, it is possible that a third rider
could be added to
snowmobile 110 behind the second rider. The third rider, then, would
experience the forces
similar to those that a second rider would normally experience on conventional
snowmobile
10.
While the invention has been described with reference to several preferred
embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various
changes may be
made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing
from the
spirit and scope of the present invention. In addition, many modifications may
be made to
adapt a particular situation, component, or material to the teachings of the
present invention
without departing from its teachings as claimed.

A single figure which represents the drawing illustrating the invention.

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Admin Status

Title Date
Forecasted Issue Date 2007-04-17
(22) Filed 1999-12-23
(41) Open to Public Inspection 2000-06-23
Examination Requested 2003-08-05
(45) Issued 2007-04-17
Expired 2019-12-23

Abandonment History

Abandonment Date Reason Reinstatement Date
2005-07-14 FAILURE TO PAY FINAL FEE 2005-07-27

Payment History

Fee Type Anniversary Year Due Date Amount Paid Paid Date
Application Fee $300.00 1999-12-23
Registration of a document - section 124 $100.00 2000-10-06
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 2 2001-12-24 $100.00 2001-10-25
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 3 2002-12-23 $100.00 2002-11-04
Advance an application for a patent out of its routine order $100.00 2003-08-05
Request for Examination $400.00 2003-08-05
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 4 2003-12-23 $100.00 2003-11-04
Registration of a document - section 124 $50.00 2003-12-22
Registration of a document - section 124 $50.00 2003-12-22
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 5 2004-12-23 $200.00 2004-08-31
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 6 2005-12-23 $200.00 2005-05-13
Reinstatement - Failure to pay final fee $200.00 2005-07-27
Final Fee $300.00 2005-07-27
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 7 2006-12-25 $200.00 2006-03-02
Maintenance Fee - Application - New Act 8 2007-12-24 $200.00 2007-02-02
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 9 2008-12-23 $200.00 2008-01-18
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 10 2009-12-23 $250.00 2009-06-11
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 11 2010-12-23 $250.00 2010-01-12
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 12 2011-12-23 $250.00 2011-01-07
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 13 2012-12-24 $250.00 2012-01-25
Registration of a document - section 124 $100.00 2012-09-18
Registration of a document - section 124 $100.00 2012-09-18
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 14 2013-12-23 $250.00 2013-02-06
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 15 2014-12-23 $450.00 2014-02-06
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 16 2015-12-23 $450.00 2015-02-18
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 17 2016-12-23 $450.00 2016-02-08
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 18 2017-12-27 $450.00 2017-02-01
Maintenance Fee - Patent - New Act 19 2018-12-24 $450.00 2018-02-08
Current owners on record shown in alphabetical order.
Current Owners on Record
BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS INC.
Past owners on record shown in alphabetical order.
Past Owners on Record
BOMBARDIER INC.
FECTEAU, BERTHOLD
GIROUARD, BRUNO
Past Owners that do not appear in the "Owners on Record" listing will appear in other documentation within the application.

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Document
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Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Number of pages Size of Image (KB)
Drawings 1999-12-23 20 311
Representative Drawing 2000-06-19 1 12
Description 2003-08-05 16 943
Claims 2003-08-05 23 799
Drawings 2003-08-05 20 308
Cover Page 2005-06-22 2 71
Claims 1999-12-23 13 464
Abstract 1999-12-23 1 41
Description 1999-12-23 16 930
Description 2004-03-26 16 934
Claims 2004-03-26 24 783
Representative Drawing 2004-12-10 1 19
Claims 2005-07-27 21 819
Claims 2006-04-05 19 730
Claims 2006-04-13 19 702
Claims 2006-11-20 19 731
Description 2006-12-22 17 924
Cover Page 2007-03-29 1 65
Correspondence 2004-02-04 1 61
Correspondence 2000-01-25 1 2
Assignment 1999-12-23 3 98
Correspondence 2000-04-27 3 116
Assignment 1999-12-23 4 153
Correspondence 2000-07-12 1 1
Assignment 2000-10-06 3 143
Correspondence 2001-10-23 2 60
Correspondence 2001-11-14 1 13
Correspondence 2001-11-14 1 16
Correspondence 2001-11-19 2 44
Prosecution-Amendment 2003-08-05 34 1,189
Correspondence 2003-09-11 1 12
Prosecution-Amendment 2003-09-26 2 78
Assignment 2003-12-22 75 5,574
Prosecution-Amendment 2005-06-09 1 46
Correspondence 2005-06-20 1 11
Correspondence 2005-06-20 4 197
Prosecution-Amendment 2004-10-20 4 182
Prosecution-Amendment 2004-03-26 28 969
Prosecution-Amendment 2004-04-20 2 91
Prosecution-Amendment 2005-05-11 1 29
Prosecution-Amendment 2005-04-21 26 853
Correspondence 2005-04-21 2 73
Prosecution-Amendment 2005-07-27 23 894
Prosecution-Amendment 2005-10-05 2 80
Prosecution-Amendment 2006-04-05 22 792
Prosecution-Amendment 2006-04-13 22 763
Prosecution-Amendment 2006-05-18 2 52
Prosecution-Amendment 2006-11-20 24 858
Correspondence 2006-11-29 1 19
Prosecution-Amendment 2006-12-22 6 172
Assignment 2012-09-18 70 3,700
Correspondence 2012-12-06 14 678
Correspondence 2012-12-12 1 14
Correspondence 2012-12-12 1 24