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Sommaire du brevet 2581115 

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Disponibilité de l'Abrégé et des Revendications

L'apparition de différences dans le texte et l'image des Revendications et de l'Abrégé dépend du moment auquel le document est publié. Les textes des Revendications et de l'Abrégé sont affichés :

  • lorsque la demande peut être examinée par le public;
  • lorsque le brevet est émis (délivrance).
(12) Brevet: (11) CA 2581115
(54) Titre français: STRUCTURE DE DEFLEXION DEFINIE
(54) Titre anglais: DEFINED DEFLECTION STRUCTURE
Statut: Réputé périmé
Données bibliographiques
(51) Classification internationale des brevets (CIB):
  • A61M 25/01 (2006.01)
  • A61M 25/092 (2006.01)
(72) Inventeurs :
  • SANTOIANNI, DOMENIC (Canada)
  • THIBAULT, BENOIT (Canada)
  • WITTENBERGER, DAN (Canada)
  • AUBERT, MATHIEU-PHILIPPE (Canada)
  • MARCOTTE, MARC-ANDRE (Canada)
  • CARROLL, SEAN (Canada)
(73) Titulaires :
  • MEDTRONIC CRYOCATH LP (Canada)
(71) Demandeurs :
  • CRYOCATH TECHNOLOGIES, INC. (Canada)
(74) Agent: RIDOUT & MAYBEE LLP
(74) Co-agent:
(45) Délivré: 2010-03-30
(22) Date de dépôt: 2002-09-25
(41) Mise à la disponibilité du public: 2003-05-08
Requête d'examen: 2007-03-22
Licence disponible: S.O.
(25) Langue des documents déposés: Anglais

Traité de coopération en matière de brevets (PCT): Non

(30) Données de priorité de la demande:
Numéro de la demande Pays / territoire Date
10/002,957 Etats-Unis d'Amérique 2001-11-01

Abrégés

Abrégé français

L'invention concerne des mécanismes de déflexion disposés de manière à dévier des parties d'un corps flexible, notamment un cathéter, dans plusieurs directions, sur un seul plan, et sur plusieurs plans. L'invention permet la déflexion d'une partie distale d'un cathéter de plus de 360 degrés afin de former une boucle, comme dans la figure 22.


Abrégé anglais

Deflection mechanisms are disclosed that are positionable to deflecting portions of a flexible body, such as a catheter, in more than one direction in a single plane, as well as in more than one plane. The invention allows a distal portion of a catheter to be deflected more than 360 degrees to provide a loop, as in Figure 22.

Revendications

Note : Les revendications sont présentées dans la langue officielle dans laquelle elles ont été soumises.




CLAIMS

1. A catheter system comprising:
at least two longitudinal elements disposed within a wall of a deflection
region,
the wall having a longitudinal axis and the longitudinal elements being
substantially
axially aligned with the longitudinal axis of the deflection region;
at least two actuator members, the actuator members being configured to apply
respective actuation forces to the deflection region, the deflection forces
being
substantially aligned with the longitudinal axis of the deflection region;
wherein the longitudinal elements and the actuation members are arranged
radially around the wall of the deflection region relative to one another in a
configuration
to define a deflection plane and shape of the deflection region.

2. The catheter system of claim 1, wherein the longitudinal element is made
from a
shape memory material.

3. The catheter system of claim 1, wherein the longitudinal element is a wire.

4. The catheter system of claim 1, wherein the longitudinal element is a flat
shim.
5. The catheter system of claim 1, further comprising a rib along the wall.

6. The catheter system of claim 5, wherein the longitudinal element is
provided
within the rib.

7. The catheter system of claim 1, further comprising a body region having a
body
wall, the body region being attached to the deflection region.

-18-



8. The catheter system of claim 7, wherein the body wall defines a lumen and a

conduit is provided within the lumen.

9. The catheter system of claim 8, wherein the conduit is located in the
center of the
lumen.

10. The catheter system of claim 9, further comprising a torqueable member
provided
within the lumen.

11. The catheter system of claim 10, wherein the torqueable member is located
adjacent the conduit.

12. The catheter system of claim 10, wherein the torqueable member is located
adjacent the body wall.

13. The catheter system of claim 10, further comprising a plurality of vanes
adjacent
the torqueable member.

14. The catheter system of claim 1, further comprising a distal region.

15. The catheter system of claim 14, wherein the distal region includes a
treatment
tip.

16. The catheter system of claim 1, further comprising a non-compressible
element.
17. The catheter system of claim 7, further comprising a non-compressible
element.
-19-



18. The catheter system of claim 17, wherein the non-compressible element is
provided adjacent the wall.

19. The catheter system of claim 16, wherein the non-compressible element is
provided within the wall.

20. The catheter system of claim 16, wherein the non-compressible element is
provided adjacent the body wall.

21. The catheter system of claim 17, wherein the non-compressible element is
provided within the body wall.

22. The catheter system of claim 17, wherein the non-compressible element is
provided adjacent the wall and the body wall.

23. The catheter system of claim 17, wherein the non-compressible element is
provided within the wall and the body wall.

24. The catheter system of claim 16, wherein the non-compressible element is a

braided sleeve.

25. The catheter system of claim 16, wherein the non-compressible element is a
coil.
26. The catheter system of claim 1, wherein the longitudinal elements and the
actuation members are aligned at ninety degree increments around the wall of
the
deflection region.

-20-

Description

Note : Les descriptions sont présentées dans la langue officielle dans laquelle elles ont été soumises.



CA 02581115 2007-03-22
DEFINED DEFLECTION STRUCTURE
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to medical devices, and more particularly to
steerable catheters.
This application is a divisional application of co-pending Canadian
Application No. 2,465,141
filed September 25, 2002.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Minimally invasive surgery is commonly performed by inserting relatively small
instruments into
the body, as well as organs within the body, through one or more very small
incisions. Many instruments
are rigid and are directed to a site of interest by angling the instrument
through the incision and inserting
the device to a selected depth within the body. However, rigid instruments are
unacceptable for many
procedures, and even less invasive procedures have been developed that employ
flexible catheter-based
instruments. Although early catheter devices simply followed the contours of a
body passage, such as a
blood vessel to a selected treatment site, catheters with movable tip portions
were developed to provide
simple catheter steering.

The present steerable catheters most commonly include one or more wires that
are anchored at a
first point near the distal tip of the catheter and at a second point at the
proximal end of the catheter or in a
handle unit. A lever or knob is actuated to apply or reduce tension on the one
or more wires causing the
distal tip of the catheter to be pulled in the direction of the tension.
Although steering mechanisms such as
these have provided excellent results, it is believed that even greater
steering or deflection control would
further increase the possibilities for new surgical procedures. It would be
especially desirable if existing
and well developed pull-wire technology could be employed with new structures
to provide such
enhanced capability.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention overcomes the limitations of known pull-wire steering
mechanism to,
provide a deflection mechanism capable of deflecting portions of a flexible
body, such as a catheter, in
more than one direction in a single plane, as well as in more than one plane.
The

-1-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

invention allows a distal portion of a catheter to be deflected more than 360
degrees to provide a
loop.
In an exemplary embodiment, a deflection mechanism for a medical device
includes rings
and a connecting structure connecting the rings. The connecting structure can
include a unitary
structure or rod segments that connect adjacent rings. A second connecting
structure can be
provided that is radially spaced apart from the first connecting structure. A
second group of
rings, joined by another connecting mechanism can be provided so that the
first rings deflect in a
first plane and the second rings deflect in a second plane.
In another embodiment, a deflection mechanism for a medical device includes
three
planar shims defining three planes. Adjacent planar shims are joined so that
the planes defmed
by each respective shim are different.
Yet another embodiment of a deflection mechanism for a medical device includes
a
deflection body having a longitudinal axis and two sets of longitudinal
elements secured to the
deflection body at different locations.
Still another embodiment of the invention includes a catheter having a distal
end and a set
of helically twisted elements extending longitudinally through the catheter
proximate the distal
end.
Another embodiment of the invention includes a catheter, a shape biased member
disposed within the catheter, and a sheath slidably disposed over the
catheter.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
A more complete understanding of the present invention, and the attendant
advantages
and features thereof, will be more readily understood by reference to the
following detailed
description when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings,
wherein:
FIG. lA is a side view of a deflected catheter body in accordance with the
invention;
FIG. 1B is a side view of a catheter system in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of another catheter system in accordance with the
invention;
FIG. 3A is a perspective view of an embodiment of a deflection structure of a
catheter in
accordance with the invention;

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CA 02581115 2007-03-22

FIG. 3B is a perspective view of an aspect of the embodiment of FIG. 3A in
accordance
with the invention;
FIG. 3C is a perspective view of an aspect of the embodiment of a deflection
structure
shown in FIG. 3A of a catheter in accordance with the invention shown in an
actuated multi-
plane state;
FIG. 3D is a perspective view of an embodiment of a deflection structure in an
actuated
multi-plane state in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 4A is a perspective view of another embodiment of a deflection structure
of a
catheter in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 4B is a deconstructed perspective view of the embodiment of FIG. 4A in an
actuated
multi-plane state in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of another embodiment of a deflection structure
of a catheter
in accordance with the invention shown in a non-actuated state;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a deflection structure of a
catheter in
accordance with the invention shown in an activated state;
FIG. 7 is a view of a coupling in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 8 is an exploded view of another coupling in accordance with the
invention ;
FIG. 9 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a deflection
structure of
a catheter in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 10 is a sectional end view of an embodiment of a deflection structure of
a catheter in
accordance with the invention;
FIG. 11 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a
deflection structure
of a catheter in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 12 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a
deflection structure
of a catheter in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 13 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a catheter
in
accordance with the invention;
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of another embodiment of a deflection structure
of a
catheter in accordance with the invention shown in an actuated multi-plane
state;

-3-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

FIG. 15 is a partial cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a catheter
in an
actuated multi-plane state in accordance with the invention;
FIG. 16 is a side view of another embodiment of a deflection structure of a
catheter in
accordance with the invention in an actuated multi-plane state;
FIG. 17 is a side view of the embodiment of FIG. 16 shown in a non-actuated
state;
FIG. 18 is a side view of another embodiment of a deflection structure of a
catheter in
accordance with the invention, shown in a non-actuated state;
FIG. 19 is a side view of the embodiment shown in FIG. 18, shown in an
actuated multi-
plane state;
FIG. 20 is an end cross-sectional view of the embodiment shown in FIGS. 18 and
19;
FIG. 21 is a side view of a catheter system including a deflection structure
in accordance
with the invention shown in a non-actuated state;
FIG. 22 is a side view of the catheter system of FIG. 21 shown in an actuated
state;
FIG. 23 is a perspective view of the deflection structure of FIG. 22 ;
FIG. 24 is a sectional view of the deflection structure of FIG. 21 taken along
line 24 - 24;
FIG. 25 is a sectional view of the deflection structure of FIG. 21 taken along
line 24 - 24;
FIG. 26 is a sectional view of the deflection structure of FIG. 21 taken along
line 24 - 24;
FIG. 27 is a side view of an alternate deflection structure in accordance with
the present
invention;
FIG. 28 is a sectional view of a body of the catheter in accordance with the
present
invention taken along line 28 - 28 of FIG. 21;
FIG. 29 is an alternate sectional view of a body of the catheter in accordance
with the
present invention taken along line 28 - 28 of FIG. 21;
FIG. 30 is still another alternate sectional view of a body of the catheter in
accordance
with the present invention taken along line 28 - 28 of FIG. 21;
FIG. 31 is a sectional view of the body of FIG. 28 taken along line 31 - 31;
and
FIG. 32 is a sectional view of the body of FIG. 30 taken along line 32 - 32.

-4-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The inventive deflection features disclosed herein have applicability to any
flexible body,
such as a catheter-based surgical device and references to specific systems or
procedures are
merely exemplary.
FIG. 1B shows a catheter system in accordance with the invention. The system
includes
a catheter body 10'that is shown in an actuated or deflected state or
condition. In this illustration,
the catheter is configured so that the distal region of the catheter body 10
deflects in more than
one plane to provide a "cork-screw" or helical tip region. Although a screw
shape is shown, the
catheter can be configured to provide other complex configurations. It should
also be understood
that the catheter can be actuated and used though a range of deflections at
points other than a
maximally deflected configuration. In other words, the system is not simply a
two-state system
(no deflection/full deflection).
FIG. 1A illustrates a catheter body 10 having multiple loops, wherein the
distal end of the
catheter is deflected well in excess of 360 degrees.
Deflection structures or mechanisms for the present catheter system are
described in
greater detail below, and are compatible for use with catheters such as those
disclosed in United
States Patent Nos. 5,899,898 and 5,899,899 to Arless et al..

Continuing to refer to FIG. 1B, the system also includes a handle 12. First
and second
umbilicals 14 and 16, respectively, can be provided to connect the handle 12
to a console (not
shown) that supports the surgical function of the selected device. For
example, the first
umbilical 14 can provide a path for a liquid or gas refrigerant to be
transferred between the
console and the handle 12; and the second umbilical 16 can provide a signal
path, such as for
electrical signals, between the console and the handle. Additional umbilicals
can be provided as
required, and the functions of more than one umbilical can be provided in a
single, multifunction
umbilical. Also, one or more of the umbilicals can be divisible into two or
more portions as
shown in FIG. 1B, wherein the first umbilical includes portion 14 and 14'.
FIG. 2 depicts an exemplary embodiment as shown in FIG. 1B which further
includes a
pull-wire 18. Although the present invention can use pull-wires to cause
deflection, as discussed
below, additional structures are provided that cause the deflection to produce
a shape other than a
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CA 02581115 2007-03-22

simple, single plane bend. Further, although a pull-wire(s) can be used to
cause deflection, the
disclosed structures can be associated with other movement mechanisms to
provide the inventive
configurations.
Referring now to FIG. 3A, additional details of an exemplary deflection
structure or
mechanism are discussed in greater detail. A catheter body 10 is shown in a de-
constructed view
so that a deflection structure 20 can be more easily understood. The
deflection structure 20
comprises a tip 22 connected to an intermediate point 24 by a connecting
structure, which forms
a distal deflection group. In this embodiment the connecting structure
includes first and second
flexible connecting rods 26. Disposed along connecting rods 26 are multiple
rings 28, each
defining a plane. Each ring 28 is aligned with a plane that is substantially
perpendicular to a
longitudinal axis of the connecting rods 26 when in a non-actuated state as
shown in FIG. 3A.
Connecting rods 26 can also be represented by a plurality of rod segments that
connect rings 28.
Additionally, a pull-wire 18 is disposed within the deflection structure 20.
Referring now to an
enlarged view in FIG. 3B, the asymmetrical rings 28 have a first half 32 and a
second half 34.
The first half 32 includes a flattened, curved portion or shaped spine section
36.
Refening again to FIG. 3A, operation of the device is now discussed. Tension
is applied
to the pull-wire 18, which is attached at a point 38 in the tip 22, thereby
causing the deflection
structure 20 to bend toward the fust half 32 of the rings 28. The tension can
be applied until a
full actuation state occurs and the individual spine sections 36 contact one
another as shown in
FIG. 3C. In the full actuation state the deflection structure 20 takes a pre-
determined shape that
is defined by the specific physical construction of the individually shaped
spine sections 36 to
define a first deflection plane. Additionally, more shaped spine sections 36
may be located
proximal to the intermediate point 24 with a similar arrangement as described
above, further
defining a second deflection plane, which is different than the first
deflection plane. The first
and second deflection planes are aligned radially different from one another.
FIG. 3C shows the
first deflection plane 36' and the second deflection plane 36".
Additional discrete deflection structure sections can be added to the catheter
tip to form
other desired deflection shapes. An exemplary resultant shape of the catheter
body in a full
actuation state is shown in FIG. 3D. Shown are the first deflection plane 36'
and the second
deflection plane 36".

-6-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

The above described structure may be formed from one piece of material or from
multiple pieces and then secured together by methods known in the art. For
example, a one
piece assembly can be manufactured using a laser machining The material can be
a super-elastic
spring steel, a polymer or any other suitable material.
Turning now to FIG. 4A, another exemplary embodiment of a deflection structure
for a
catheter is shown and discussed in greater detail. Shown is a deflection
structure 37 having first,
second and third planar shims 40. Each planar shim 40 is a flat elongate piece
of material with
ends, and that define discrete planes. Each of the planar shims 40 are joined
to one another at
their ends and are aligned in a different plane relative to each other. When
actuated, each of the
deflection shims will bend in a deflection plane that is substantially
perpendicular to the shim's
plane and will form a pre-determined actuation shape. Further, a coil 41 can
be disposed around
at least a portion of the joined planar shims 40.
For example, FIG. 4B shows a deconstructed view of the deflection structure of
FIG. 4A
in an actuated state, planar shims 40 are each actuated in a separate plane.
Shown is a first
deflection plane 40', a second deflection plane 40" and a third deflection
plane 40"'. The
actuation of the deflection shims 40 can be accomplished by one or more pull-
wires disposed
within the deflection mechanism and attached at various locations to effect
different final and
intermediate configurations. The planar shims 40 can be joined in many
different ways, for
example, they may be slotted and fitted together or they may be welded
together. The planar
shims can be constructed from a spring material and actuation may be
accomplished by applying
tension supplied by one or more pull-wires, or by constructing the planar
shims from a shape-
memory material and applying that materials' required means, as is.known in
the shape-memory
art. For example, inducing a temperature change in the material can cause it
to assume a preset
shape.
Turning now to FIG. 5, another exemplary embodiment of a deflection structure
for a
catheter is shown and discussed in greater detail. Shown is a deflection body
42. Disposed
within an optional helical coil 44 are a first set 46 and second set 48 of
longitudinal elements
arranged substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of deflection body 42.
The helical coil 44
helps to maintain a relatively straight configuration of the deflection
structure when in a non-
actuated state. The first set 46 and second set 48 of longitudinal elements
each define an
-7-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

independent plane of deflection, a first deflection plane 46' and a second
deflection plane 48'
respectively, when actuated. A junction 50 defmes the relative radial angle of
alignment of the
sets of longitudinal elements.
FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 show detailed views of a junction 50 that can be used to
join the first
and second sets of longitudinal elements at different radial angles relative
to one another. The
longitudinal elements can be manufactured from a spring material and actuation
can be
accomplished by applying tension with one or more pull-wires, or by
constructing the
longitudinal elements from a shape-memory material and applying that
materials' required
means, such as temperature.
FIG. 5 shows the deflection structure 42 in a non-actuated state. When the
deflection
structure is actuated it assumes a pre-determined shape, for example, as shown
in FIG. 6.
Tu.ming now to FIG. 9, another exemplary embodiment of a deflection structure
for a
catheter is shown and discussed in greater detail. This embodiment comprises a
series of
longitudinal elements 54 embedded or attached to a flexible tube 56. The
longitudinal elements
54 are constructed of a spring material or a shape-memory material. When
tension is applied to a
pull-wire 58 or alternatively when the actuating mechanism of the shape memory
material is
applied, the longitudinal elements 54 deflect in different planes to assume an
actuation state as
shown in FIG. 14. The relative radial angle of multiple sets of longitudinal
elements 54 can be
controlled to specifically define final or intermediate actuation state shapes
according to
application demands.
Different embodiments of a transition zone 60 can be seen in FIGS. 9, 10 and
11.
Transition from one plane to another can be immediate or gradual. Further, a
junction 50 as seen
in FIGS. 7 and 8 can be used.
Additionally, as seen in FIG. 12, a coiled element set 62 can be used to
create an
uncoiling action upon actuation resulting in an actuation state as seen in
FIG. 14. Again, the
fmal actuation state can be predetermined to suit application demands by the
manufacturer.
Shown in FIG. 13, is a set helically twisted elements 64 having a continuous
helical-
shaped twist contained inside a deflection body 66. A pull-wire 68 is attached
to a distal end 70
of the deflection body 66. A wire coil 72 encloses the assembly and supports a
membrane 74.
The coil 72 prevents the pull-wire 68 from "straightening" when in a non-
actuated state. When a
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CA 02581115 2007-03-22

pull tension is applied to the pull-wire 68, the struts 64 are deflected in a
plane perpendicular to
the struts, in a continuously rotating direction. The final shape of the
distal end 70 is a ring 74
configured perpendicular to the catheter shaft 76, as seen in FIG. 14. The
plane in which the
distal end 70 moves to the ring 74 can be made to be in a plane perpendicular
to the shaft,
depending on the pitch and number of twists. Fig. 14 shows a first deflection
plane 74' and a
second deflection plane 74".
Tuming now to FIG. 15, another exemplary embodiment of a deflection structure
for a
catheter is shown and discussed in greater detail. The deflection structure 76
comprises a shape
biased member 78 included in a distal section of a catheter tip 80, and a
sheath 82 that houses the
catheter tip 80 until the place and time of actuation. The shape biased member
78 has a pre-
determined shape and can be reversibly conformed to a non-actuated state 84 by
sliding the
sheath 82 over it. When the sheath 82 is partially withdrawn from the catheter
tip 80 or the
catheter tip 80 is advanced relative to the sheath 82, the shape biased member
78 assumes its pre-
determined shape and is thus actuated. The shape biased member 78 may be made
of polymer, a
spring-tempered stainless or super-elastic alloy that when released from the
sheath 82 will force
the catheter tip 80 to take the shape desired. FIG. 15 shows a first
deflection plane 80' and a
second deflection plane 80".
Another embodiment as disclosed in FIG. 16 shows a deflection structure 86
which
comprises a plurality of curves 88 with a pre-established deflection shape.
Turning to FIG. 17, a
series of beveled-faced elements 90 are placed over one or more wires 92
(either rectangular
section wire or a set of round wires). Initially the beveled-faced elements 90
are free-floating on
the wires 92, with small intervals 94 in between each element 90. When a pull
tension is applied
to the wires 92, a first element 96 will be pressed against a fixed point 98
at the deflection
structure tip 100, and subsequently each of the remaining elements 90 will be
pulled close
together until all the beveled facets are in contact with one another, thereby
imparting a specific
angular abutment to the catheter tip in a pre-established shape. The pre-
established shape
depends on the sequence of angles on the faces of the elements and their
predetermined
configuration. FIG. 16 shows an exemplary actuation shape.
Another exemplary embodiment as shown in FIG. 18 comprises a preformed balloon
insert 102 placed in a distal segment 104 of a catheter tip 106 which upon
inflation conforms the
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CA 02581115 2007-03-22

catheter tip to a predetermined profile107 as seen in FIG. 19. Additionally,
the preformed
balloon insert 102 acts as an insulation material. The preformed balloon
insert 102 is constructed
from a non-compliant balloon that is preformed by blow-molding and/or
thermally setting or by
other suitable means to a defined shape. The preformed balloon insert 102 is
housed in a distal
end of a catheter 10 as seen in FIG. 1. After being placed close to the target
tissue, the
preformed balloon insert 102 is inflated with a non-compressible,
biocompatible liquid through
an inflation lumen (not shown). The preformed balloon insert 102 will force
the catheter tip 104
to take its shape. The preformed balloon insert 102 has a triple role, shaping
the tip, increasing
rigidity, and shielding the catheter's dorsal side from unwanted heat.
Now referring to FIG. 21 an alternate exemplary embodiment of a catheter
system as
described in FIGS. 5 and 6 above is discussed in more detail. The system
includes a catheter
body 210, a deflection region 212 and a distal region 214, all having a
longitudinal axis. The
deflection region 212 is shown in a resting or non-deflected state or
condition. The catheter can
be configured to provide various pre-defined deflection shapes. Further,
various distal region
arrangements can be used in combination with the deflection region of the
invention.
The system also includes a handle 216. First and second umbilicals 218 and
220,
respectively, can be provided to connect the handle 216 to a console (not
shown) that supports
the surgical function of the selected device. For example, the first umbilical
218 provides a path
for a liquid or gas refrigerant to be transferred between the console and the
handle and the
second umbilica1220 provides a signal path, such as for electrical signals,
between the console
and the handle. Additional umbilicals can be provided as required, and the
functions of more
than one umbilical can be provided in a single, multifunction umbilical. Also,
one or more of
the umbilicals can be divisible into two or more portions as shown in FIG. 21,
wherein the first
umbilical includes two portions of umbilical 218 such as for fluid infusion
into the catheter and a
vacuum for the excavation of the fluid. Further, one or more actuator members
222 can be
disposed within the catheter body 210. For example, a pull wire, a tape or any
other suitable
structure for applying a force.
Turning now to FIG. 22, the catheter system of FIG. 21 is shown in an actuated
state. The
catheter system takes the actuated state when a force is applied via the
actuator member 222.
The plane of deflection and shape of the actuated state is dictated by the
physical construction of
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CA 02581115 2007-03-22

the catheter system. More specifically, the plane of deflection and shape is
dictated by the
flexibility and density of the deflection region 212 and the presence and
physical attributes of
one or more longitudinal elements 224 adjacent or within the deflection region
212 (shown in
phantom). The deflection region 212 is defined by a deflection wall 226 which
is manufactured
from a formable resilient material having a specific density and flexibility
rating. The
longitudinal elements 224, which are provided within or on the deflection
wal1226, in
combination with the actuator member 222 and the deflection wall 226 define
the plane and
shape of the deflection of the deflection region 212. In FIG. 22, two
longitudinal elements 224
are shown in phantom, however, a lesser or greater number of elements can be
provided. As will
be more fully understood from the disclosure herein, the present invention
provides a device that
can dictate a predefmed deflection plane and shape. In addition, the structure
of the body 210
provides for torque transfer between the handle 216 and the deflection region
212 and thereby to
the distal region 214.
Turning now to FIG. 23, an alternate exemplary embodiment of a deflection
structure for
a catheter is shown and discussed in greater detail. Shown is a deflection
region 212 and distal
region 214. Disposed within the deflection wall 226 are two sets of
longitudinal elements 228
and 230 arranged substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of deflection
region 212. The first
set 228 and second set 230 of longitudinal elements each define an independent
plane of
deflection, a first deflection plane 232 and a second deflection plane 234
respectively, when
actuated. As shown in FIG. 23, the sets of longitudinal members can be
radially aligned to define
a specific defined deflection shape. It will be readily understood that more
than or less than two
sets of longitudinal elements can be employed to define the desired shape and
that the sets can be
radially aligned at any desired angle. The longitudinal elements 224 provide
for a bias to the
non-actuated state and partially define the plane of deflection. For example,
if two longitudinal
elements are radially aligned 180 degrees apart and an actuation force is
applied, the structure
will bend in a direction perpendicular to a combined longitudinal axis of the
longitudinal
elements. Further, the deflection plane and shape are defined by the relative
rigidity or
flexibility of the deflection wal1226. For example if a section of the wall is
relatively rigid, the
radius of bend at that section will be greater than that of a section having a
less rigid
composition. While multiple sets of longitudinal elements are shown in FIG.
23, for the
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CA 02581115 2007-03-22

purposes of explanation, one set of longitudinal members will be described
hereafter. However,
it is understood that any of the alternate exemplary embodiments discussed
herein can employ
one or more longitudinal elements. Also shown in FIG. 23 is an optional
coi1229 which can be
provided in any of the embodiments discussed herein. The coi1229 can extend
the entire length
of the catheter system or a some lesser portion thereof. The coil 229 provides
for torsional
transfer along the catheter system, resistance to compressional forces and can
bias the system to
a pre-determined shape. Further, it is contemplated that any set of radially
aligned longitudinal
elements 224 can be replaced by a flat planar shim having a length comparable
to the
longitudinal elements 224, whereby the edges of the shim provide similar
functionality as the
individual longitudinal elements 224.
Turning now to FIG. 24, which is a sectional view taken along line 24 - 24 in
FIG. 21,
one embodiment of the deflection region is described in more detail. FIG. 24
shows longitudinal
elements 224 positioned within deflection wall 226 and substantially aligned
with the
longitudinal axis of the deflection region 212. The longitudinal elements 224
have a fixed
rigidity that is greater then the rigidity of the deflection wall 226. Located
within a deflection
conduit 236 are actuator members 222. FIG. 24 shows two longitudinal elements
224 aligned
radially 180 degrees from one another on the deflection wall 226 and two
deflection conduits
236 radially aligned 180 degrees from one another on the deflection wall 226.
The longitudinal
elements 224 can be embedded within the deflection wall 226 during formation
of the deflection
wall 226 or can be attached to a portion of the wall by commonly known
adhesive methods or
equivalent. Alternately, the longitudinal elements 224 can be affixed to an
optional coil provided
within the wall 226 or adjacent thereto. Likewise, the deflection conduits 236
can be embedded
in the deflection wall 226 or be attached to the wall. It is contemplated that
the radial alignment
of the longitudinal elements can be from substantially 0 degrees to
substantially 360 degrees
depending on the desired deflection plane and shape. As such an altemate
exemplary
embodiment provides two longitudinal elements 224 positioned on the samP
"side" of the
deflection wa11226 as one another, or less than 180 degrees from one another.
This arrangement
may be employed in any of the embodiments discussed herein. Further, one or
more deflection
conduits 236 and longitudinal elements 224 can be positioned in varying
locations around
deflection wall 226. As such, one or more longitudinal elements 224 are
arranged to define a
-12-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

preferred deflection shape and/or plane. As discussed in more detail below,
adjusting the rigidity
of the deflection wall 226 affects a different radius of bend when a force is
applied to the
deflection region 212. It is contemplated that various materials may be used
to construct the
longitudinal elements 224. Several examples of suitable materials are NiTi,
spring steel and
carbon fiber. Also shown in FIG. 24 is a deflection lumen 238 which is defined
by the
deflection wall 226. The deflection lumen provides passage for both fluids and
accessories
between each end of the catheter system as is known in the art.
Turning now to FIG. 25, which is an alternate cross sectional view taken along
line 24 -
24 in FIG. 21, another embodiment is discussed in more detail. In this
embodiment a rib 240,
having a length, is provided protruding into the deflection lumen 238 from the
deflection wall
226 and extending either the length of the deflection region 212 or a lesser
portion thereof.
Further, longitudinal elements 224 are positioned within rib 240. Rib 240, is
constructed from
material that can have a varying rigidity along its length. By controlling the
rigidity of the rib
240 during manufacturing, a preferred deflection shape can be defined by
controlling bend radii
along the length of the rib 240. By providing variable rigidity along the
length of rib 240,
variable resistance to a bending force is provided, thereby defming bend shape
and plane of
deflection. It will be readily understood that an area of the rib 240 with a
greater rigidity will
have a greater radius of bend compared to an area with a lesser rigidity which
has a lesser radius
of bend per unit force that is applied by the actuator member 222. As
discussed above, one or
more deflection conduits 236 and one or more longitudinal elements 224 can be
provided at
variable locations along the deflection wall 226. Thus, it has advantageously
been found that
deflection shape and deflection plane alignment can be defined by varying the
rigidity of
deflection wall 226 or rib 240 while maintaining a constant rigidity of the
longitudinal elements
224.
Turning now to FIG. 26 which is another alternate cross sectional view taken
along line
24 - 24 in FIG. 21, still another embodiment is discussed in more detail. In
this embodiment
wall section 242 is constructed to have a greater rigidity of structure when
compared to the
rigidity of deflection wall 226. Further, wall section 242 can either extend
the length of the
deflection region or a lesser portion thereof. This arrangement allows the
wall section 242 to
define a bend radii in a similar manner as the longitudinal element and
deflection wall
-13-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

configuration provided above. Further, relative rigidity along the length of
wall section 242 can
be varied to specifically defme a preferred deflection shape and/or deflection
plane. For
example, a deflection region where one section of the wall section 242 has a
more rigid stiucture
when compared to another section of the wall section 242 will defined a
greater bend radius at
the greater rigidity section than the lesser rigidity section, per unit force
applied by the actuator
member 222. Again, as discussed above, one or more deflection conduits 236 and
one or more
actuator members 224 can be provided along the deflection wal1226. The wall
sections can be
referred to as ribs and have various shapes as will be apparent from the
disclosure of the present
invention.
Turning now to FIG. 27, which shows an alternate embodiment discussed in more
detail,
where individual sections of the deflection wall 226 have different rigidity
compared to other
sections of the deflection wall 226. FIG. 27 shows a side view of a catheter
system of the
invention, in a preferred deflection state. First wall sub-section 244 has a
different rigidity
compared to second wall sub-section 246, and third wall sub-section 248 has a
different rigidity
compared to second wall sub-section 246. In this manner, many such sections
may be arranged
to provide areas with varying rigidity. It is contemplated that the boundary
between different
sections can be a smooth transition from one rigidity to another or in
distinct transitions as shown
here. In this embodiment, the longitudinal member has a constant rigidity
along its length (not
shown). As discussed above, by providing sections with different wall
rigidity, the manufacturer
can define the preferred deflection plane and shape. This manner of defining
deflection plane
and shape is easier to accomplish and less expensive than prior art methods.
By controlling the
density and/or rigidity of the wall section of the deflection region, the
manufacturer controls the
deflection parameters. It is also contemplated that the deflection wall 226
can have a constant
rigidity to define a simple deflection pattern.
Turning now to FIG. 28, which is an alternate sectional view of an exemplary
embodiment of the body 210 of the catheter taken along line 28 - 28 in FIG.
21. The body 210
has a wall 250 which defmes a body lumen 252. The body lumen 252 is configured
to pass
fluids to and from each end of the catheter system. Further disposed within
the body lumen 252
is a conduit 254. An actuator member 222 is disposed within the conduit 254
having a first end
and a second end, wherein the first end is connected to an actuator within the
handle and the
-14-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

. second end is connected to an attachment point within the deflection region
(not shown). The
conduit 254 can either be provided in a central location as shown in FIG. 28
or along the wall
250 as shown in FIG. 29. The wall 250 further defines a hollow deflection
conduit 256 which is
configured to receive the actuator member 222. The deflection conduit 256 can
alternatively run
the entire longitudinal length of the wall 250 as shown in FIG. 29 or a
portion thereof, as shown
in FIG. 28. Alternatively, the deflection conduit 256 can be an integral
formation of the wall
250, or can be a separate piece which is attached along the wall 250 or some
combination
thereof. The wall 250 can be constructed from any formable resilient material.
In an exemplary
embodiment, the wal1250 is constructed from a formable resilient polymer or
plastic. FIGS. 28
and 30 show exemplary embodiments where further provided within the lumen 252
is a
torqueable member 258 having a first end and a second end. The torqueable
member 258 can
either be located adjacent the wal1250 as shown in FIG. 28 or adjacent the
centrally located
conduit 254 as shown in FIG. 30. In both cases, the torqueable member 258 is
mechanically
connected to the handle 216 at the first end and to a point adjacent the
deflection region 212 at
the second end. The torqueable member 258 can be mechanically connected by
methods known
in the art, such as, for example adhesive bonding or by forming the handle
around the torqueable
member 258. Generally, the torqueable member 258 has a rigidity less than that
of a steel pipe
and more than that of a piece of string. The torqueable member 258 has a
structure that resists
rotational twisting when a rotational force is applied to an end. Further, the
torqueable member
258 has a structure that will transmit the rotational force along its length.
The torqueable
member 258 facilitates the transmission of rotational forces from the handle
216 to the deflection
region 212. The torqueable member 258 can be configured in many different
ways, for example,
it may include a helical coil, a braided sheath or other such devices. The
torqueable member 258
can be constructed from a wide variety of materials, for example, coiled or
braided metals or
plastics or other such materials which exhibit the characteristics discussed
herein.
FIGAl is a sectional view taken along line 31 - 31 of FIG. 28. FIG. 31 shows a
plurality
of vanes 260 positioned between the torqueable member 258 and the conduit 254.
The vanes
260 are provided to interconnect central components, such as the conduit 254
and the torqueable
member 258 as shown in FIG. 31, with the outer components. The vanes 260
provide a support
for and a connection between the central components and the outer components.
Further, the
-15-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

vanes 260 define additional lumens 262 which can serve as passageway for
fluids or additional
components. Further, as shown in FIG. 32, which is a cross sectional view
taken along line 32 -
32 of FIG. 30, the vanes 260 can also engage the torqueable member 258 when it
is positioned
adjacent the conduit 254. The vanes 260 can alternately extend the entire
length of the body or
some lesser portion thereof. It is contemplated that the vanes 260 can be
created in a variety of
ways, for example, by using a casting manufacturing process to create the
device, formed during
an extrusion process or by bonding to the wa11224 during an assembly process.
Construction
alternatives are discussed in further detail below.
Referring again to FIG. 32, the wall 250 can optionally contain a non-
compressible
element 264. The non-compressible element 264 can be a braided material
disposed within the
wall 250. The non-compressible element 264 is configured to maintain the shape
of the body
210 under compressional loads, which can occur during use of the catheter
system. The non-
compressible element 264 can alternately extend the entire length of the
catheter system or some
lesser portion thereof. The non-compressible element 264 can be constructed in
a variety of
manners and from a variety of material. For example, the non-compressible
element 264 can be
a braided sleeve, a coiled tube or other such structures that afford the
ability to resist a
compression force. Further, the non-compressible element 264 can be
constructed of metal,
plastic or a combination thereof. In an exemplary embodiment the non-
compressible element
264 is a braided metal sleeve that is cast within the wall 250.
Referring now to FIGS. 21 and 22, operation of the catheter system is now
discussed. As
shown in FIG. 21, the deflection region has a first non-actuated state. When
tension is applied to
an actuator member 222 disposed within catheter system, a force is transmitted
to the distal
region which causes the deflection structure to bend toward one side. The
tension can be applied
until a full actuation state occurs and the preferred deflection shape is
reached as shown in FIG.
22. In the full actuation state the deflection region 212 takes a pre-
determined shape that is
defined by the specific physical construction of the longitudinal elements 224
and specific
rigidity of the deflection wall. The structure of the longitudinal elements
biases the deflection
region to the non-actuated state. When the force is applied by the actuator
member, the
deflection shape and plane are defined by the specific alignment of the
longitudinal elements and

-16-


CA 02581115 2007-03-22

the variable rigidity of the material surrounding the longitudinal elements
224. For example, by
defining the bend radii of different sections of the deflection region.
The catheter system of the invention can be constructed by techniques known in
the art,
such as using a single tube to manufacture the catheter. In the alternative,
the catheter can be
constructed by using a die or mandrel, over which the catheter is drawn or
cast. One such
method includes positioning all of the preformed components of the system
around a central
"lumen mandrel." Next, the material that makes up the walls of the catheter is
cast around the
preformed components. The preformed components can include the longitudinal
elements, the
actuator conduits, and any coils or other structural support components. The
casting material is
then allowed to harden and the "lumen mandrel" is removed. In this method, it
is possible to
vary the rigidity of different sections of the walls by casting materials
which, upon hardening,
have different rigidity. Further, the casting material may be "doped" to
effect final rigidity of a
selected portion of the walls. Alternatively, the components can be soldered
together before
casting to add strength and/or prevent movement of the components during
construction.
Additional discrete deflection structure sections can be added to the catheter
tip to form
other desired deflection shapes.
A variety of modifications and variations of the present invention are
possible in light of
the above disclosure. It is therefore understood that, within the scope of the
appended claims,
the present invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically
described hereinabove.

-17-

Dessin représentatif
Une figure unique qui représente un dessin illustrant l'invention.
États administratifs

Pour une meilleure compréhension de l'état de la demande ou brevet qui figure sur cette page, la rubrique Mise en garde , et les descriptions de Brevet , États administratifs , Taxes périodiques et Historique des paiements devraient être consultées.

États administratifs

Titre Date
Date de délivrance prévu 2010-03-30
(22) Dépôt 2002-09-25
(41) Mise à la disponibilité du public 2003-05-08
Requête d'examen 2007-03-22
(45) Délivré 2010-03-30
Réputé périmé 2017-09-25

Historique d'abandonnement

Il n'y a pas d'historique d'abandonnement

Historique des paiements

Type de taxes Anniversaire Échéance Montant payé Date payée
Requête d'examen 800,00 $ 2007-03-22
Enregistrement de documents 100,00 $ 2007-03-22
Enregistrement de documents 100,00 $ 2007-03-22
Le dépôt d'une demande de brevet 400,00 $ 2007-03-22
Taxe de maintien en état - Demande - nouvelle loi 2 2004-09-27 100,00 $ 2007-03-22
Taxe de maintien en état - Demande - nouvelle loi 3 2005-09-26 100,00 $ 2007-03-22
Taxe de maintien en état - Demande - nouvelle loi 4 2006-09-25 100,00 $ 2007-03-22
Taxe de maintien en état - Demande - nouvelle loi 5 2007-09-25 200,00 $ 2007-08-17
Taxe de maintien en état - Demande - nouvelle loi 6 2008-09-25 200,00 $ 2008-08-21
Taxe de maintien en état - Demande - nouvelle loi 7 2009-09-25 200,00 $ 2009-08-17
Taxe finale 300,00 $ 2010-01-14
Enregistrement de documents 100,00 $ 2010-03-31
Taxe de maintien en état - brevet - nouvelle loi 8 2010-09-27 200,00 $ 2010-08-19
Taxe de maintien en état - brevet - nouvelle loi 9 2011-09-26 200,00 $ 2011-08-17
Taxe de maintien en état - brevet - nouvelle loi 10 2012-09-25 250,00 $ 2012-08-30
Taxe de maintien en état - brevet - nouvelle loi 11 2013-09-25 250,00 $ 2013-08-30
Taxe de maintien en état - brevet - nouvelle loi 12 2014-09-25 250,00 $ 2014-09-22
Taxe de maintien en état - brevet - nouvelle loi 13 2015-09-25 250,00 $ 2015-09-21
Titulaires au dossier

Les titulaires actuels et antérieures au dossier sont affichés en ordre alphabétique.

Titulaires actuels au dossier
MEDTRONIC CRYOCATH LP
Titulaires antérieures au dossier
AUBERT, MATHIEU-PHILIPPE
CARROLL, SEAN
CRYOCATH TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
MARCOTTE, MARC-ANDRE
SANTOIANNI, DOMENIC
THIBAULT, BENOIT
WITTENBERGER, DAN
Les propriétaires antérieurs qui ne figurent pas dans la liste des « Propriétaires au dossier » apparaîtront dans d'autres documents au dossier.
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Description du
Document 
Date
(yyyy-mm-dd) 
Nombre de pages   Taille de l'image (Ko) 
Page couverture 2010-03-09 1 30
Dessins représentatifs 2010-03-09 1 4
Abrégé 2007-03-22 1 9
Description 2007-03-22 17 851
Revendications 2007-03-22 3 79
Dessins 2007-03-22 11 205
Dessins représentatifs 2007-05-11 1 4
Page couverture 2007-05-16 1 30
Correspondance 2007-04-13 1 38
Cession 2007-03-22 3 107
Correspondance 2007-05-11 1 15
Poursuite-Amendment 2007-08-03 2 57
Taxes 2007-08-17 1 30
Poursuite-Amendment 2008-05-28 2 72
Taxes 2008-08-21 1 35
Poursuite-Amendment 2008-11-26 4 142
Cession 2010-03-31 8 788
Taxes 2009-08-17 1 35
Correspondance 2010-01-14 1 34
Taxes 2010-08-19 1 39