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(12) Demande de brevet: (11) CA 2772463
(54) Titre français: APPAREIL NUCLEAIRE NECESSITANT PEU D'ENERGIE
(54) Titre anglais: LOW ENERGY NUCLEAR DEVICE

Abrégé anglais




The herein described invention is an apparatus for producing thermal,
electric, or mechanical
energy, or a combination thereof, from the fusing of atomic nuclei at
temperatures below
conventional nuclear fusion temperatures. Fuel or fuels capable of undergoing
nuclear fusion
are stored in a reaction vessel into which an input energy is delivered by a
control module
to start the nuclear processes. Output power is delivered in the form of a)
thermal energy
directly from the interior or exterior of the reaction vessel and, b) nuclear
radiation energy that
is converted into thermal energy inside the shielding material of the reaction
vessel and then
subsequently extracted. Optionally, the apparatus may contain one or more
modules that
function to convert the thermal energy from the nuclear reactions, into
another desirable form of
output energy.


Note : Les revendications sont présentées dans la langue officielle dans laquelle elles ont été soumises.



The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege
is claimed are
defined as follows:
1. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
one or more
heated fuels, wherein one or more of the fuels is in an non-plasma state.
2. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
an internal
reaction chamber and a control module, internal or external to the device.
3. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
a mechanism
or method to allow a user of ordinary skill to refuel the device.
4. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
a module or
mechanism capable of converting thermal energy to another form of usable
energy for output.
5. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
air as the
primary energy output.
6. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
water as the
primary energy output.
7. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
electricity as
the primary energy output.
8. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
mechanical
rotation as the primary energy output.
9. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device incorporates
a reaction
vessel that is used to both provide input energy and extract output energy
using the same
surface of the reaction vessel.
10. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a method
wherein one or more of the fuels required, are stored in, and then released by
the controlled
decomposition of, a chemical compound.
11. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a means to
use chemical energy as the primary method of delivering input energy to the
reaction module.
12. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a mechanism
or method to halt ongoing nuclear reactions in the event of operation outside
of set limits.
13. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a mechanism
or method to allow thermal energy contained in a fluid transport medium to be
used as the
Page 1



primary input energy to the reaction module.
14. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a fuel mixture
comprised of plurality of intermixed powdered fuels.
15. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates sensors
external to the reaction module to detect, prevent or halt the ongoing release
of radiation.
16. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates a removable,
replaceable or refillable canister or module containing one or more of the
fuels required for
operation.
17. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
integrated monitoring sensors.
18. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
an integrated safety interlock mechanism to prevent the removal of the module
while in
operation.
19. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
one or more catalyzing compounds in addition to the required fuels.
20. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates components
used to adjust the internal pressure of the reaction chamber using external or
internal stimuli.
21. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
integrated components used to adjust the internal pressure of the removable
module using
external or internal stimuli.
22. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates radiation
shielding that remains in place during refueling procedures.
23. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
integrated radiation shielding.
24. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
an internal electrical resistance heater.
25. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates
an integrated module or sub-component used to calculate or estimate the
remaining life of the
removable module and report that information to a control module.
Page 2



26. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates an integrated
module used to forcibly eject one or more of the required fuels out of the
reaction chamber as a
means of slowing or terminating the nuclear reactions.
27. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates an integrated
mechanism to allow the venting of excess pressure in the reaction chamber.
28. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates an integrated
mechanism or module to forcibly inject a chemical or compound into the
reaction chamber as a
means of slowing or terminating the nuclear reactions
29. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable
module's primary
energy input is delivered to the exterior of the removable module.
30. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates a
mechanism or method to allow thermal energy to be extracted from the interior
of the removable
module through a connector.
31. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates a
connector for the transmission of electricity, fluid or signals in or out of
the removable module.
32. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the reaction chamber
is external to the
device and the reaction chamber incorporates an environmentally hardened
connector and
housing intended for direct submersion.
33. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the reaction chamber
incorporates
internal or external thermal insulation to allow operations where an excess of
coolant is present.
34. A low energy nuclear device from claim 16 wherein the removable module
incorporates a
method or mechanism to allow the removable module to be monitored and
controlled from the
exterior of the module.
35. A low energy nuclear device from claim 1 wherein the device
incorporates multiple
reaction chambers or modules in sequence, wherein the output of one module is
used to provide
the input energy to a subsequent module.
36. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
heated nickel
and hydrogen.
37. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
heated
palladium and deuterium.
Page 31



38. An apparatus producing usable thermal energy from the nuclear fusion of
heated nickel
and hydrogen incorporating a catalyzing element or compound consisting of one
or more of the
following elements: potassium, lithium, titanium or palladium.
Page 4


Une figure unique qui représente un dessin illustrant l’invention.

Pour une meilleure compréhension de l’état de la demande ou brevet qui figure sur cette page, la rubrique Mise en garde , et les descriptions de Brevet , États administratifs , Taxes périodiques et Historique des paiements devraient être consultées.

États admin

Titre Date
(22) Dépôt 2012-03-19
(41) Mise à la disponibilité du public 2013-09-19
Requête d'examen 2016-02-29
Demande morte 2017-06-27

Historique des paiements

Type de taxes Anniversaire Échéance Montant payé Date payée
Dépôt 200,00 $ 2012-03-19
Taxe périodique - Demande - nouvelle loi 2 2014-03-19 50,00 $ 2014-01-28
Taxe périodique - Demande - nouvelle loi 3 2015-03-19 50,00 $ 2015-03-16
Requête d'examen 400,00 $ 2016-02-29
Taxe périodique - Demande - nouvelle loi 4 2016-03-21 50,00 $ 2016-02-29

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Filtre Télécharger sélection en format PDF (archive Zip)
Description du
Document
Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Nombre de pages Taille de l’image (Ko)
Abrégé 2012-03-19 1 18
Description 2012-03-19 10 440
Revendications 2012-03-19 4 144
Dessins 2012-03-19 4 98
Dessins représentatifs 2012-04-27 1 5
Page couverture 2013-09-09 1 34
Description 2016-02-29 12 484
Revendications 2016-02-29 4 138
Correspondance 2012-04-10 1 43
Taxes 2014-01-28 1 61
Taxes 2015-03-16 1 94
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-02-29 19 690
Taxes 2016-02-29 2 53
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-02-29 2 54
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-03-03 1 25
Poursuite-Amendment 2016-03-24 9 630